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Wie erhalte ich den aktuellen GPS-Standort programmgesteuert in Android?

Ich muss meinen aktuellen Standort programmgesteuert über GPS ermitteln. Wie kann ich das erreichen?

677
mudit

Ich habe eine kleine Anwendung mit einer schrittweisen Beschreibung erstellt, um die GPS-Koordinaten des aktuellen Standorts abzurufen.

Der vollständige Beispielquellcode ist in Koordinaten des aktuellen Standorts abrufen, Name der Stadt - in Android.


Sehen Sie, wie es funktioniert:

  • Alles was wir tun müssen, ist diese Berechtigung in die Manifest-Datei einzufügen:

    <uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
    
  • Erstellen Sie eine LocationManager-Instanz wie folgt:

    LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager)
    getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    
  • Überprüfen Sie, ob GPS aktiviert ist oder nicht.

  • Und dann LocationListener implementieren und Koordinaten abrufen:

    LocationListener locationListener = new MyLocationListener();
    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
    LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 5000, 10, locationListener);
    
  • Hier ist der Beispielcode dafür


/*---------- Listener class to get coordinates ------------- */
private class MyLocationListener implements LocationListener {

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location loc) {
        editLocation.setText("");
        pb.setVisibility(View.INVISIBLE);
        Toast.makeText(
                getBaseContext(),
                "Location changed: Lat: " + loc.getLatitude() + " Lng: "
                    + loc.getLongitude(), Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        String longitude = "Longitude: " + loc.getLongitude();
        Log.v(TAG, longitude);
        String latitude = "Latitude: " + loc.getLatitude();
        Log.v(TAG, latitude);

        /*------- To get city name from coordinates -------- */
        String cityName = null;
        Geocoder gcd = new Geocoder(getBaseContext(), Locale.getDefault());
        List<Address> addresses;
        try {
            addresses = gcd.getFromLocation(loc.getLatitude(),
                    loc.getLongitude(), 1);
            if (addresses.size() > 0) {
                System.out.println(addresses.get(0).getLocality());
                cityName = addresses.get(0).getLocality();
            }
        }
        catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        String s = longitude + "\n" + latitude + "\n\nMy Current City is: "
            + cityName;
        editLocation.setText(s);
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {}

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {}

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {}
}

412
swiftBoy

Hier finden Sie zusätzliche Informationen für andere Antworten.

Seit Android hat

GPS_PROVIDER and NETWORK_PROVIDER

sie können sich für beide registrieren und das Abrufen von Ereignissen von onLocationChanged(Location location) von zwei Ereignissen gleichzeitig starten. So weit, ist es gut. Jetzt ist die Frage, brauchen wir zwei Ergebnisse, oder wir sollten die besten nehmen. Wie ich weiß, sind die Ergebnisse von GPS_PROVIDER genauer als die von NETWORK_PROVIDER.

Definieren wir das Feld Location:

private Location currentBestLocation = null;

Bevor wir anfangen, auf Location change zu hören, werden wir die folgende Methode implementieren. Diese Methode gibt den letzten bekannten Standort zwischen dem GPS und dem Netzwerk zurück. Für diese Methode ist neueres am besten.

/**
 * @return the last know best location
 */
private Location getLastBestLocation() {
    Location locationGPS = mLocationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
    Location locationNet = mLocationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

    long GPSLocationTime = 0;
    if (null != locationGPS) { GPSLocationTime = locationGPS.getTime(); }

    long NetLocationTime = 0;

    if (null != locationNet) {
        NetLocationTime = locationNet.getTime();
    }

    if ( 0 < GPSLocationTime - NetLocationTime ) {
        return locationGPS;
    }
    else {
        return locationNet;
    }
}

Jedes Mal, wenn wir einen neuen Standort abrufen, werden wir ihn mit unserem vorherigen Ergebnis vergleichen.

...
static final int TWO_MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 2;
...

Ich füge onLocationChanged eine neue Methode hinzu:

@Override
public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    makeUseOfNewLocation(location);

    if(currentBestLocation == null){
        currentBestLocation = location;
    }

    ....
}


/**
 * This method modify the last know good location according to the arguments.
 *
 * @param location The possible new location.
 */
void makeUseOfNewLocation(Location location) {
    if ( isBetterLocation(location, currentBestLocation) ) {
        currentBestLocation = location;
    }
}

....

/** Determines whether one location reading is better than the current location fix
 * @param location  The new location that you want to evaluate
 * @param currentBestLocation  The current location fix, to which you want to compare the new one.
 */
protected boolean isBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
    if (currentBestLocation == null) {
        // A new location is always better than no location
        return true;
    }

    // Check whether the new location fix is newer or older
    long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
    boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > TWO_MINUTES;
    boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -TWO_MINUTES;
    boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

    // If it's been more than two minutes since the current location, use the new location,
    // because the user has likely moved.
    if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
        return true;
        // If the new location is more than two minutes older, it must be worse.
    } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
        return false;
    }

    // Check whether the new location fix is more or less accurate
    int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
    boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
    boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
    boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;

    // Check if the old and new location are from the same provider
    boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(),
                                                currentBestLocation.getProvider());

    // Determine location quality using a combination of timeliness and accuracy
    if (isMoreAccurate) {
        return true;
    } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
        return true;
    } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}

// Checks whether two providers are the same
private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
    if (provider1 == null) {
        return provider2 == null;
    }
    return provider1.equals(provider2);
}

....
128
Maxim Shoustin

Sie können den Speicherort entweder mit GPS_PROVIDER or NETWORK_PROVIDER ermitteln.

Übersicht über Ortungsdienste in Android.

Hier ist ein Beispiel, bei dem versucht wird, den Standort mithilfe von GPS zu ermitteln. Wenn Ihr GPS nicht verfügbar ist, versuchen Sie, mithilfe des Netzwerks den Standort zu ermitteln.

GPSTracker.Java

 public class GPSTracker extends Service implements LocationListener {

    private final Context mContext;

    // Flag for GPS status
    boolean isGPSEnabled = false;

    // Flag for network status
    boolean isNetworkEnabled = false;

    // Flag for GPS status
    boolean canGetLocation = false;

    Location location; // Location
    double latitude; // Latitude
    double longitude; // Longitude

    // The minimum distance to change Updates in meters
    private static final long MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES = 10; // 10 meters

    // The minimum time between updates in milliseconds
    private static final long MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES = 1000 * 60 * 1; // 1 minute

    // Declaring a Location Manager
    protected LocationManager locationManager;

    public GPSTracker(Context context) {
        this.mContext = context;
        getLocation();
    }

    public Location getLocation() {
        try {
            locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext
                    .getSystemService(LOCATION_SERVICE);

            // Getting GPS status
            isGPSEnabled = locationManager
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);

            // Getting network status
            isNetworkEnabled = locationManager
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

            if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
                // No network provider is enabled
            } else {
                this.canGetLocation = true;
                if (isNetworkEnabled) {
                    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                            LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER,
                            MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES,
                            MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES, this);
                    Log.d("Network", "Network");
                    if (locationManager != null) {
                        location = locationManager
                                .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
                        if (location != null) {
                            latitude = location.getLatitude();
                            longitude = location.getLongitude();
                        }
                    }
                }
                // If GPS enabled, get latitude/longitude using GPS Services
                if (isGPSEnabled) {
                    if (location == null) {
                        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(
                                LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER,
                                MIN_TIME_BW_UPDATES,
                                MIN_DISTANCE_CHANGE_FOR_UPDATES, this);
                        Log.d("GPS Enabled", "GPS Enabled");
                        if (locationManager != null) {
                            location = locationManager
                                    .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
                            if (location != null) {
                                latitude = location.getLatitude();
                                longitude = location.getLongitude();
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return location;
    }


    /**
     * Stop using GPS listener
     * Calling this function will stop using GPS in your app.
     * */
    public void stopUsingGPS(){
        if(locationManager != null){
            locationManager.removeUpdates(GPSTracker.this);
        }
    }


    /**
     * Function to get latitude
     * */
    public double getLatitude(){
        if(location != null){
            latitude = location.getLatitude();
        }

        // return latitude
        return latitude;
    }


    /**
     * Function to get longitude
     * */
    public double getLongitude(){
        if(location != null){
            longitude = location.getLongitude();
        }

        // return longitude
        return longitude;
    }

    /**
     * Function to check GPS/Wi-Fi enabled
     * @return boolean
     * */
    public boolean canGetLocation() {
        return this.canGetLocation;
    }


    /**
     * Function to show settings alert dialog.
     * On pressing the Settings button it will launch Settings Options.
     * */
    public void showSettingsAlert(){
        AlertDialog.Builder alertDialog = new AlertDialog.Builder(mContext);

        // Setting Dialog Title
        alertDialog.setTitle("GPS is settings");

        // Setting Dialog Message
        alertDialog.setMessage("GPS is not enabled. Do you want to go to settings menu?");

        // On pressing the Settings button.
        alertDialog.setPositiveButton("Settings", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog,int which) {
                Intent intent = new Intent(Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS);
                mContext.startActivity(intent);
            }
        });

        // On pressing the cancel button
        alertDialog.setNegativeButton("Cancel", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(DialogInterface dialog, int which) {
            dialog.cancel();
            }
        });

        // Showing Alert Message
        alertDialog.show();
    }


    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
    }


    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
    }


    @Override
    public IBinder onBind(Intent arg0) {
        return null;
    }
}

Aktivität -AndroidGPSTrackingActivity.Java

    public class AndroidGPSTrackingActivity extends Activity {

    Button btnShowLocation;

    // GPSTracker class
    GPSTracker gps;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        btnShowLocation = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnShowLocation);

        // Show location button click event
        btnShowLocation.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                // Create class object
                gps = new GPSTracker(AndroidGPSTrackingActivity.this);

                // Check if GPS enabled
                if(gps.canGetLocation()) {

                    double latitude = gps.getLatitude();
                    double longitude = gps.getLongitude();

                    // \n is for new line
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Your Location is - \nLat: " + latitude + "\nLong: " + longitude, Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                } else {
                    // Can't get location.
                    // GPS or network is not enabled.
                    // Ask user to enable GPS/network in settings.
                    gps.showSettingsAlert();
                }
            }
        });
    }
}

Layout- main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
    Android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    Android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    Android:orientation="vertical" >

    <Button Android:id="@+id/btnShowLocation"
        Android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        Android:text="Show Location"
        Android:layout_centerVertical="true"
        Android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"/>
</RelativeLayout>

AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.INTERNET" />
81
Nirav Ranpara

Es gibt bereits viele Antworten, aber ich möchte den neuesten Weg aufzeigen, wie Sie mithilfe der Google API den Standort ermitteln können, damit neue Programmierer eine neue Methode verwenden können:

Ich habe ein detailliertes Tutorial zu aktueller Speicherort in Android in meinem Blog geschrieben demonuts.com Sie können auch den vollständigen Quellcode finden, der mit Android studio entwickelt wurde.

Zuallererst legen Sie dies in gradle Datei

 compile 'com.google.Android.gms:play-services:9.0.2'

implementieren Sie dann die erforderlichen Schnittstellen

public class MainActivity  extends BaseActivitiy implements GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationListener

instanzen deklarieren

  private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
  private Location mLocation;
  private LocationManager locationManager;
  private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;

setze dies in onCreate()

 mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .build();
        locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

Überschreiben Sie schließlich die erforderlichen Methoden

 @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle bundle) {
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // TODO: Consider calling
            //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
            // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
            //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
            //                                          int[] grantResults)
            // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
            // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.
            return;
        } startLocationUpdates();
        mLocation = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        if(mLocation == null){
            startLocationUpdates();
        }
        if (mLocation != null) {
            double latitude = mLocation.getLatitude();
            double longitude = mLocation.getLongitude();
        } else {
            // Toast.makeText(this, "Location not Detected", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        }
    }

    protected void startLocationUpdates() {
        // Create the location request
        mLocationRequest = LocationRequest.create()
                .setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY)
                .setInterval(UPDATE_INTERVAL)
                .setFastestInterval(FASTEST_INTERVAL);
        // Request location updates
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED && ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(this, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            // TODO: Consider calling
            //    ActivityCompat#requestPermissions
            // here to request the missing permissions, and then overriding
            //   public void onRequestPermissionsResult(int requestCode, String[] permissions,
            //                                          int[] grantResults)
            // to handle the case where the user grants the permission. See the documentation
            // for ActivityCompat#requestPermissions for more details.
            return;
        }
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient,
                mLocationRequest, this);
        Log.d("reque", "--->>>>");
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection Suspended");
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection failed. Error: " + connectionResult.getErrorCode());
    }

    @Override
    public void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
    }

    @Override
    public void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
        }
    }
    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {

    }

Vergessen Sie nicht, GPS auf Ihrem Gerät zu starten, bevor Sie die App starten.

43
Parsania Hardik

Da mir ein Teil des Codes in den anderen Antworten nicht gefallen hat, ist hier meine einfache Lösung. Diese Lösung soll in einer Aktivität oder einem Dienst zum Verfolgen des Standorts verwendet werden können. Es stellt sicher, dass niemals zu veraltete Daten zurückgegeben werden, es sei denn, Sie fordern ausdrücklich veraltete Daten an. Es kann entweder in einem Rückrufmodus ausgeführt werden, um Aktualisierungen zu erhalten, sobald sie bei uns eingehen, oder im Abrufmodus, um die neuesten Informationen abzufragen.

Generische LocationTracker-Schnittstelle. Ermöglicht es uns, mehrere Arten von Standortverfolgern zu haben und die entsprechenden einfach anzuschließen:

package com.gabesechan.Android.reusable.location;

import Android.location.Location;

public interface LocationTracker {
    public interface LocationUpdateListener{
        public void onUpdate(Location oldLoc, long oldTime, Location newLoc, long newTime);
    }

    public void start();
    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update);

    public void stop();

    public boolean hasLocation();

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation();

    public Location getLocation();

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation();

}

ProviderLocationTracker: Diese Klasse verfolgt den Standort für GPS oder NETZWERK.

package com.gabesechan.Android.reusable.location;

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.location.LocationListener;
import Android.location.LocationManager;
import Android.os.Bundle;

public class ProviderLocationTracker implements LocationListener, LocationTracker {

    // The minimum distance to change Updates in meters
    private static final long MIN_UPDATE_DISTANCE = 10; 

    // The minimum time between updates in milliseconds
    private static final long MIN_UPDATE_TIME = 1000 * 60; 

    private LocationManager lm;

    public enum ProviderType{
        NETWORK,
        GPS
    };    
    private String provider;

    private Location lastLocation;
    private long lastTime;

    private boolean isRunning;

    private LocationUpdateListener listener;

    public ProviderLocationTracker(Context context, ProviderType type) {
        lm = (LocationManager)context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
        if(type == ProviderType.NETWORK){
            provider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;
        }
        else{
            provider = LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER;
        }
    }

    public void start(){
        if(isRunning){
            //Already running, do nothing
            return;
        }

        //The provider is on, so start getting updates.  Update current location
        isRunning = true;
        lm.requestLocationUpdates(provider, MIN_UPDATE_TIME, MIN_UPDATE_DISTANCE, this);
        lastLocation = null;
        lastTime = 0;
        return;
    }

    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update) {
        start();
        listener = update;

    }


    public void stop(){
        if(isRunning){
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            isRunning = false;
            listener = null;
        }
    }

    public boolean hasLocation(){
        if(lastLocation == null){
            return false;
        }
        if(System.currentTimeMillis() - lastTime > 5 * MIN_UPDATE_TIME){
            return false; //stale
        }
        return true;
    }

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        if(lastLocation != null){
            return true;
        }
        return lm.getLastKnownLocation(provider)!= null;
    }

    public Location getLocation(){
        if(lastLocation == null){
            return null;
        }
        if(System.currentTimeMillis() - lastTime > 5 * MIN_UPDATE_TIME){
            return null; //stale
        }
        return lastLocation;
    }

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        if(lastLocation != null){
            return lastLocation;
        }
        return lm.getLastKnownLocation(provider);
    }

    public void onLocationChanged(Location newLoc) {
        long now = System.currentTimeMillis();
        if(listener != null){
            listener.onUpdate(lastLocation, lastTime, newLoc, now);
        }
        lastLocation = newLoc;
        lastTime = now;
    }

    public void onProviderDisabled(String arg0) {

    }

    public void onProviderEnabled(String arg0) {

    }

    public void onStatusChanged(String arg0, int arg1, Bundle arg2) {
    }
}

Hierbei handelt es sich um den FallbackLocationTracker, der sowohl über GPS als auch über NETZWERK verfolgt und den genaueren Standort verwendet.

package com.gabesechan.Android.reusable.location;

import Android.content.Context;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.location.LocationManager;

public class FallbackLocationTracker  implements LocationTracker, LocationTracker.LocationUpdateListener {


    private boolean isRunning;

    private ProviderLocationTracker gps;
    private ProviderLocationTracker net;

    private LocationUpdateListener listener;

    Location lastLoc;
    long lastTime;

    public FallbackLocationTracker(Context context) {
        gps = new ProviderLocationTracker(context, ProviderLocationTracker.ProviderType.GPS);
        net = new ProviderLocationTracker(context, ProviderLocationTracker.ProviderType.NETWORK);
    }

    public void start(){
        if(isRunning){
            //Already running, do nothing
            return;
        }

        //Start both
        gps.start(this);
        net.start(this);
        isRunning = true;
    }

    public void start(LocationUpdateListener update) {
        start();
        listener = update;
    }


    public void stop(){
        if(isRunning){
            gps.stop();
            net.stop();
            isRunning = false;
            listener = null;
        }
    }

    public boolean hasLocation(){
        //If either has a location, use it
        return gps.hasLocation() || net.hasLocation();
    }

    public boolean hasPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        //If either has a location, use it
        return gps.hasPossiblyStaleLocation() || net.hasPossiblyStaleLocation();
    }

    public Location getLocation(){
        Location ret = gps.getLocation();
        if(ret == null){
            ret = net.getLocation();
        }
        return ret;
    }

    public Location getPossiblyStaleLocation(){
        Location ret = gps.getPossiblyStaleLocation();
        if(ret == null){
            ret = net.getPossiblyStaleLocation();
        }
        return ret;
    }

    public void onUpdate(Location oldLoc, long oldTime, Location newLoc, long newTime) {
        boolean update = false;

        //We should update only if there is no last location, the provider is the same, or the provider is more accurate, or the old location is stale
        if(lastLoc == null){
            update = true;
        }
        else if(lastLoc != null && lastLoc.getProvider().equals(newLoc.getProvider())){
            update = true;
        }
        else if(newLoc.getProvider().equals(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER)){
            update = true;
        }
        else if (newTime - lastTime > 5 * 60 * 1000){
            update = true;
        }

        if(update){
            if(listener != null){
                listener.onUpdate(lastLoc, lastTime, newLoc, newTime);                  
            }
            lastLoc = newLoc;
            lastTime = newTime;
        }

    }
}

Da beide die LocationTracker-Oberfläche implementieren, können Sie ganz einfach Ihre Meinung zu der zu verwendenden ändern. Um die Klasse im Abfragemodus auszuführen, rufen Sie einfach start () auf. Um es im Update-Modus auszuführen, rufen Sie start (Listener) auf.

Schauen Sie sich auch mein Blogpost am Code an

35
Gabe Sechan

GPS-Standort ermitteln mit -

LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

LocationListener locationListener = new LocationListener() 
{

            @Override
            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            }

            @Override
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                double latitude = location.getLatitude();
                double longitude = location.getLongitude();
                double speed = location.getSpeed(); //spedd in meter/minute
                speed = (speed*3600)/1000;      // speed in km/minute               Toast.makeText(GraphViews.this, "Current speed:" + location.getSpeed(),Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        };

        locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);

}
17
Akshay Paliwal

Sie müssen das Neueste/Neueste verwenden

GoogleApiClient Api

Grundsätzlich müssen Sie Folgendes tun:

private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(this)
                .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                .build();

Dann

@Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle connectionHint) {
        mLastLocation = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(
                mGoogleApiClient);
        if (mLastLocation != null) {
            mLatitudeText.setText(String.valueOf(mLastLocation.getLatitude()));
            mLongitudeText.setText(String.valueOf(mLastLocation.getLongitude()));
        }
    }

für die genaueste und zuverlässigste Position. Seht meinen Beitrag hier:

https://stackoverflow.com/a/33599228/2644905

Verwenden Sie keinen LocationListener, der nicht korrekt ist und eine verzögerte Reaktion aufweist. Um ehrlich zu sein, ist dies einfacher umzusetzen. Lesen Sie auch die Dokumentation: https://developers.google.com/Android/reference/com/google/Android/gms/common/api/GoogleApiClient

15
omersem
class MyLocation {
    Timer timer1;
    LocationManager lm;
    LocationResult locationResult;
    boolean gps_enabled = false;
    boolean network_enabled = false;

    public boolean getLocation(Context context, LocationResult result) {
        // I use LocationResult callback class to pass location value from
        // MyLocation to user code.
        locationResult = result;
        if (lm == null)
            lm = (LocationManager) context
                    .getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        // Exceptions will be thrown if the provider is not permitted.
        try {
            gps_enabled = lm.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
        }
        try {
            network_enabled = lm
                    .isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
        }

        // Don't start listeners if no provider is enabled.
        if (!gps_enabled && !network_enabled)
            return false;

        if (gps_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0,
                    locationListenerGps);
        if (network_enabled)
            lm.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0,
                    locationListenerNetwork);
        timer1 = new Timer();
        timer1.schedule(new GetLastLocation(), 5000);
        return true;
    }

    LocationListener locationListenerGps = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerNetwork);
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
        }
    };

    LocationListener locationListenerNetwork = new LocationListener() {
        public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
            timer1.cancel();
            locationResult.gotLocation(location);
            lm.removeUpdates(this);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerGps);
        }

        public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
        }

        public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
        }
    };

    class GetLastLocation extends TimerTask {
        @Override
        public void run() {
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerGps);
            lm.removeUpdates(locationListenerNetwork);

            Location net_loc = null, gps_loc = null;
            if (gps_enabled)
                gps_loc = lm.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
            if (network_enabled)
                net_loc = lm
                        .getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

            // If there are both values, use the latest one.
            if (gps_loc != null && net_loc != null) {
                if (gps_loc.getTime() > net_loc.getTime())
                    locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                else
                    locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                return;
            }

            if (gps_loc != null) {
                locationResult.gotLocation(gps_loc);
                return;
            }
            if (net_loc != null) {
                locationResult.gotLocation(net_loc);
                return;
            }
            locationResult.gotLocation(null);
        }
    }

    public static abstract class LocationResult {
        public abstract void gotLocation(Location location);
    }
}

Ich hoffe, dies wird dir helfen...

11
Aristo Michael

Jetzt, da die Google Play-Standortdienste verfügbar sind, empfehle ich Entwicklern, den neuen Anbieter für fusionierte Standorte zu verwenden. Sie werden es einfacher und genauer finden. Sehen Sie sich das Google I/O -Video Jenseits des blauen Punkts: Neue Funktionen in Androidan. _ Standort von den beiden Jungs, die die neue Google Play-API für Standortdienste erstellt haben.

Ich habe mit Standort-APIs auf einer Reihe von mobilen Plattformen gearbeitet und ich denke, dass das, was diese beiden Jungs getan haben, wirklich revolutionär ist. Die Komplexität der Verwendung der verschiedenen Anbieter wurde erheblich reduziert. Der Stapelüberlauf ist übersät mit Fragen, welche Anbieter verwendet werden sollen, ob der letzte bekannte Standort verwendet werden soll, wie andere Eigenschaften im LocationManager festgelegt werden sollen usw. Diese neue API, die sie erstellt haben, beseitigt die meisten dieser Unsicherheiten und macht die Standortdienste zu einem Vergnügen verwenden.

Ich habe eine Android App geschrieben, die den Standort regelmäßig mithilfe der Google Play-Standortdienste abruft und den Standort an einen Webserver sendet, auf dem er in einer Datenbank gespeichert ist und auf der er angezeigt werden kann . Google Maps . Ich habe sowohl die Client-Software (für Android, iOS, Windows Phone und Java ME ) als auch die Server-Software (für ASP.NET und SQL geschrieben Server oder PHP und MySQL ). Die Software ist auf jeder Plattform in der Muttersprache geschrieben und funktioniert auf jeder Plattform ordnungsgemäß im Hintergrund. Zuletzt hat die Software die MIT-Lizenz . Den Android -Client finden Sie hier:

https://github.com/nickfox/GpsTracker/tree/master/phoneClients/Android

7
nickfox

Am einfachsten findest d

   package com.javapapers.Android.geolocationfinder;

    import Android.os.Bundle;
    import Android.app.Activity;
    import Android.content.Context;
    import Android.location.Location;
    import Android.location.LocationListener;
    import Android.location.LocationManager;
    import Android.widget.TextView;

    import Android.util.Log;

    public class MainActivity extends Activity implements LocationListener{
    protected LocationManager locationManager;
    protected LocationListener locationListener;
    protected Context context;
    TextView txtLat;
    String lat;
    String provider;
    protected String latitude,longitude; 
    protected boolean gps_enabled,network_enabled;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
    txtLat = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview1);

    locationManager = (LocationManager) getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, this);
    }
    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    txtLat = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.textview1);
    txtLat.setText("Latitude:" + location.getLatitude() + ", Longitude:" + location.getLongitude());
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
    Log.d("Latitude","disable");
    }

    @Override
    public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
    Log.d("Latitude","enable");
    }

    @Override
    public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
    Log.d("Latitude","status");
    }
    }
7
Dheeraj Kumar

LocationManager ist eine Klasse, die integrierte Methoden zum Abrufen des letzten bekannten Standorts bereitstellt.

SCHRITT 1: Erstellen Sie ein LocationManager-Objekt wie folgt

LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService (Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

SCHRITT 2: Kriterien hinzufügen

*Criteria is use for setting accuracy*

Criteria criteria = new Criteria();
int currentapiVersion = Android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT;

if (currentapiVersion >= Android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.HONEYCOMB) {

    criteria.setSpeedAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_HIGH);
    criteria.setAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_FINE);
    criteria.setAltitudeRequired(true);
    criteria.setBearingRequired(true);
    criteria.setSpeedRequired(true);

}

SCHRITT 3: ERHALTEN SIE VERFÜGBARE ANBIETER

Es gibt zwei Arten von Anbieter GPS und Netzwerk

 String provider = locationManager.getBestProvider(criteria, true);

SCHRITT 4: Holen Sie sich den letzten bekannten Ort

Location location = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(provider);

SCHRITT 5: Breitengrad und Längengrad abrufen

Wenn das Standortobjekt null ist, versuchen Sie nicht, die folgende Methode aufzurufen s

getLatitude and getLongitude is methods which returns double values

6
user3131373

Um Standortaktualisierungen zu erhalten, ist in Android viel Bolierplate-Code erforderlich

  • Verfügbarkeitsprüfung für Google Play-Dienste
  • Aktualisieren Sie den Google Play-Dienst, wenn er alt oder nicht verfügbar ist
  • Dialog Erstellung von GoogleApiClient und seinen Rückrufen verbunden, getrennt usw.
  • Stoppen und Freigeben von Ressourcen für Standortaktualisierungen
  • Behandeln von Szenarien mit Standortberechtigungen
  • Überprüfen der Ortungsdienste sind Ein oder Aus
  • Es ist auch nicht so einfach, den letzten bekannten Ort zu finden
  • Rückgriff auf den letzten bekannten Standort, wenn der Standort nach einer bestimmten Zeit nicht ermittelt wird

Um all diese Schritte zu vereinfachen, habe ich Android-EasyLocation (kleine Android Bibliothek erstellt, die all diese Dinge erledigt und Sie können sich auf die Geschäftslogik konzentrieren.

Alles, was Sie benötigen, ist die Erweiterung von EasyLocationActivity und dies

requestSingleLocationFix(easyLocationRequest);

oder

requestLocationUpdates(easyLocationRequest);

Checkout-Beispiel-App und erforderliche Schritte hier unter https://github.com/akhgupta/Android-EasyLocation

6
Akhil

Ich habe ein Projekt erstellt, mit dem wir mithilfe von Google Play-Diensten, GPS und Netzwerkanbietern den genauen Standort ermitteln können. Dieses Projekt finden Sie hier .

Die Strategie zum Ermitteln des besten Standorts besteht darin, zuerst den Standort von den Google Play-Diensten abzurufen, wenn der Standort gefunden wurde, dann zu überprüfen, ob das Wetter besser ist oder nicht. Wenn der gefundene Standort null ist, starten Sie die Google Play-Dienste neu und versuchen Sie, den Standort von Android abzurufen. Standort-API. Registrieren Sie den Standort bei Change Listeners, und sobald der bessere Standort gefunden wird, kehrt der Rückruf zur Hauptaktivität zurück.

Es ist sehr einfach, nur zwei Klassen, die wir einbetten müssen, in Code zu verwenden und zu implementieren, d. H. LocationManagerInterface und SmartLocationManager, LocationActivity implementiert die Schnittstelle und verwendet SmartLocationManager, um die Position abzurufen.

/**
 * Created by Syed Raza Mehdi Naqvi on 8/10/2016.
 */
public interface LocationManagerInterface {
    String TAG = LocationManagerInterface.class.getSimpleName();

    void locationFetched(Location mLocation, Location oldLocation, String time, String locationProvider);

}

hier ist die Location Manager-Klasse

import Android.Manifest;
import Android.app.Activity;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.content.DialogInterface;
import Android.content.Intent;
import Android.content.IntentSender;
import Android.content.pm.PackageManager;
import Android.location.Location;
import Android.location.LocationManager;
import Android.os.Build;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.support.v4.app.ActivityCompat;
import Android.support.v4.content.ContextCompat;
import Android.support.v7.app.AlertDialog;
import Android.util.Log;
import Android.widget.Toast;

import com.google.Android.gms.common.ConnectionResult;
import com.google.Android.gms.common.GooglePlayServicesUtil;
import com.google.Android.gms.common.api.GoogleApiClient;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationListener;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationRequest;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationServices;

import Java.text.DateFormat;
import Java.util.Date;

/**
 * Created by Syed Raza Mehdi Naqvi on 8/9/2016.
 */
public class SmartLocationManager implements
        GoogleApiClient.ConnectionCallbacks, GoogleApiClient.OnConnectionFailedListener, LocationListener {

    private static final String TAG = SmartLocationManager.class.getSimpleName();

    private static final int TWO_MINUTES = 1000 * 60 * 2;
    private static final int PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE = 1000;
    private static final int CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST = 9000;

    // default value is false but user can change it
    private String mLastLocationUpdateTime;                                                         // fetched location time
    private String locationProvider;                                                                // source of fetched location

    private Location mLastLocationFetched;                                                          // location fetched
    private Location mLocationFetched;                                                              // location fetched
    private Location networkLocation;
    private Location gpsLocation;

    private int mLocationPiority;
    private long mLocationFetchInterval;
    private long mFastestLocationFetchInterval;

    private Context mContext;                                                                       // application context
    private Activity mActivity;                                                                     // activity context
    private LocationRequest mLocationRequest;
    private GoogleApiClient mGoogleApiClient;
    private LocationManagerInterface mLocationManagerInterface;

    private Android.location.LocationManager locationManager;
    private Android.location.LocationListener locationListener;

    boolean isGPSEnabled;
    boolean isNetworkEnabled;

    private int mProviderType;
    public static final int NETWORK_PROVIDER = 1;
    public static final int ALL_PROVIDERS = 0;
    public static final int GPS_PROVIDER = 2;

//    private final double STANDARD_LOCATION_ACCURACY = 100.0;
//    private final double STANDARD_LOCATION_SEED_LIMIT = 6.95;

    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_ALL_RESTICTION = 1;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_RESTRICTION_NONE = 0;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_GPS_ONLY_RESTICTION = 2;
    public static final int LOCATION_PROVIDER_NETWORK_ONLY_RESTICTION = 3;
    private int mForceNetworkProviders = 0;

    public SmartLocationManager(Context context, Activity activity, LocationManagerInterface locationInterface, int providerType, int locationPiority, long locationFetchInterval, long fastestLocationFetchInterval, int forceNetworkProviders) {
        mContext = context;
        mActivity = activity;
        mProviderType = providerType;

        mLocationPiority = locationPiority;
        mForceNetworkProviders = forceNetworkProviders;
        mLocationFetchInterval = locationFetchInterval;
        mFastestLocationFetchInterval = fastestLocationFetchInterval;

        mLocationManagerInterface = locationInterface;

        initSmartLocationManager();
    }


    public void initSmartLocationManager() {

        // 1) ask for permission for Android 6 above to avoid crash
        // 2) check if gps is available
        // 3) get location using awesome strategy

        askLocationPermission();                            // for Android version 6 above
        checkNetworkProviderEnable(mForceNetworkProviders);                       //

        if (isGooglePlayServicesAvailable())                // if googleplay services available
            initLocationObjts();                            // init obj for google play service and start fetching location
        else
            getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();                   // otherwise get location using Android API
    }

    private void initLocationObjts() {
        // Create the LocationRequest object
        mLocationRequest = LocationRequest.create()
                .setPriority(mLocationPiority)
                .setInterval(mLocationFetchInterval)                    // 10 seconds, in milliseconds
                .setFastestInterval(mFastestLocationFetchInterval);     // 1 second, in milliseconds

        if (mGoogleApiClient == null) {
            mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(mActivity)
                    .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
                    .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
                    .addApi(LocationServices.API)
                    .build();
        }

        startLocationFetching();                                        // connect google play services to fetch location
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnected(Bundle connectionHint) {
        Location location = LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.getLastLocation(mGoogleApiClient);
        startLocationUpdates();
        if (location == null) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
            getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();
        } else {
            setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
        if (location == null) {
            getLastKnownLocation();
        } else {
            setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionSuspended(int i) {
        Log.i(TAG, "Connection suspended");
    }

    @Override
    public void onConnectionFailed(ConnectionResult connectionResult) {
        if (connectionResult.hasResolution()) {
            try {
                connectionResult.startResolutionForResult(mActivity, CONNECTION_FAILURE_RESOLUTION_REQUEST); // Start an Activity that tries to resolve the error
                getLocationUsingAndroidAPI();                                                                // try to get location using Android API locationManager
            } catch (IntentSender.SendIntentException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        } else {
            Log.i(TAG, "Location services connection failed with code " + connectionResult.getErrorCode());
        }
    }

    private void setNewLocation(Location location, Location oldLocation) {
        if (location != null) {
            mLastLocationFetched = oldLocation;
            mLocationFetched = location;
            mLastLocationUpdateTime = DateFormat.getTimeInstance().format(new Date());
            locationProvider = location.getProvider();
            mLocationManagerInterface.locationFetched(location, mLastLocationFetched, mLastLocationUpdateTime, location.getProvider());
        }
    }

    private void getLocationUsingAndroidAPI() {
        // Acquire a reference to the system Location Manager
        locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        setLocationListner();
        captureLocation();
    }

    public void captureLocation() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return;
        }
        try {
            if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER) {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            } else if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER) {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            } else {
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
                locationManager.requestLocationUpdates(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER, 0, 0, locationListener);
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        }
    }

    private void setLocationListner() {
        // Define a listener that responds to location updates
        locationListener = new Android.location.LocationListener() {
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                // Called when a new location is found by the network location provider.
                if (location == null) {
                    getLastKnownLocation();
                } else {
                    setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    if (isLocationAccurate(location) && location.getAccuracy() < STANDARD_LOCATION_ACCURACY && location.getSpeed() < STANDARD_LOCATION_SEED_LIMIT) {// no use of this if
//                        setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    } else {
//                        setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(location, mLocationFetched), mLocationFetched);
//                    }
                }
            }

            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
            }

            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
            }

            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
            }
        };
    }

    public Location getAccurateLocation() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return null;
        }
        try {
            gpsLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
            networkLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
            Location newLocalGPS, newLocalNetwork;
            if (gpsLocation != null || networkLocation != null) {
                newLocalGPS = getBetterLocation(mLocationFetched, gpsLocation);
                newLocalNetwork = getBetterLocation(mLocationFetched, networkLocation);
                setNewLocation(getBetterLocation(newLocalGPS, newLocalNetwork), mLocationFetched);
            }
        } catch (Exception ex) {
            Log.e(TAG, ex.getMessage());
        }
        return mLocationFetched;
    }

    protected void startLocationUpdates() {
        LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
    }

    public void startLocationFetching() {
        mGoogleApiClient.connect();
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            startLocationUpdates();
        }
    }

    public void pauseLocationFetching() {
        if (mGoogleApiClient.isConnected()) {
            LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.removeLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, this);
            mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();
        }

    }

    public void abortLocationFetching() {
        mGoogleApiClient.disconnect();

        // Remove the listener you previously added
        if (locationManager != null && locationListener != null) {
            if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                    ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                    ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                return;
            }
            try {
                locationManager.removeUpdates(locationListener);
                locationManager = null;
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                Log.e(TAG, ex.getMessage());

            }
        }
    }

    public void resetLocation() {
        mLocationFetched = null;
        mLastLocationFetched = null;
        networkLocation = null;
        gpsLocation = null;
    }

    //  Android M Permission check
    public void askLocationPermission() {

        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {


            if (ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
                    || ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED
                    ) {
                if (ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION)
                        || ActivityCompat.shouldShowRequestPermissionRationale(mActivity, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION)) {

                    final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(mActivity);
                    builder.setMessage("Please allow all permissions in App Settings for additional functionality.")
                            .setCancelable(false)
                            .setPositiveButton("Allow", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                public void onClick(@SuppressWarnings("unused") final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                                    Toast.makeText(mContext, "Welcome", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                                }
                            })
                            .setNegativeButton("Deny", new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                                public void onClick(final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                                    mActivity.finish();
                                }
                            });
                    final AlertDialog alert = builder.create();
                    alert.show();

                } else
                    ActivityCompat.requestPermissions(mActivity, new String[]{Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION
                            , Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION
                    }, PERMISSION_REQUEST_CODE);

            }
        }
    }

    public void checkNetworkProviderEnable(int enforceActive) {
        locationManager = (LocationManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);

        isGPSEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        isNetworkEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);

        if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your location providers seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        } else if (!isGPSEnabled && mForceNetworkProviders == LOCATION_PROVIDER_GPS_ONLY_RESTICTION) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your GPS seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        } else if (!isNetworkEnabled && mForceNetworkProviders == LOCATION_PROVIDER_NETWORK_ONLY_RESTICTION) {
            buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders("Your Network location provider seems to be disabled, please enable it", "OK", "Cancel");
        }
        // getting network status

        if (!isGPSEnabled && !isNetworkEnabled) {
            Toast.makeText(mContext, "Location can't be fetched!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show(); // show alert
            mActivity.finish();
        }
    }

    private void buildAlertMessageTurnOnLocationProviders(String message, String positiveButtonText, String negativeButtonText) {
        final AlertDialog.Builder builder = new AlertDialog.Builder(mActivity);
        builder.setMessage(message)
                .setCancelable(false)
                .setPositiveButton(positiveButtonText, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    public void onClick(@SuppressWarnings("unused") final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                        Intent mIntent = new Intent(Android.provider.Settings.ACTION_LOCATION_SOURCE_SETTINGS);
                        mIntent.setFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK);
                        mContext.startActivity(mIntent);
                    }
                })
                .setNegativeButton(negativeButtonText, new DialogInterface.OnClickListener() {
                    public void onClick(final DialogInterface dialog, @SuppressWarnings("unused") final int id) {
                        mActivity.finish();
                    }
                });
        final AlertDialog alert = builder.create();
        alert.show();
    }


    public Location getLastKnownLocation() {
        locationProvider = LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER;
        Location lastKnownLocation = null;
        // Or use LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return lastKnownLocation;
        }
        try {
            lastKnownLocation = locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(locationProvider);
            return lastKnownLocation;
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
        }
        return lastKnownLocation;
    }

    public boolean isGooglePlayServicesAvailable() {
        int status = GooglePlayServicesUtil.isGooglePlayServicesAvailable(mContext);

        if (status == ConnectionResult.SUCCESS) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
     * Determines whether one Location reading is better than the current Location fix
     *
     * @param location            The new Location that you want to evaluate
     * @param currentBestLocation The current Location fix, to which you want to compare the new one
     */
    protected Location getBetterLocation(Location location, Location currentBestLocation) {
        if (currentBestLocation == null) {
            // A new location is always better than no location
            return location;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is newer or older
        long timeDelta = location.getTime() - currentBestLocation.getTime();
        boolean isSignificantlyNewer = timeDelta > TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isSignificantlyOlder = timeDelta < -TWO_MINUTES;
        boolean isNewer = timeDelta > 0;

        // If it's been more than two minutes since the current location, use the new location
        // because the user has likely moved
        if (isSignificantlyNewer) {
            return location;
            // If the new location is more than two minutes older, it must be worse
        } else if (isSignificantlyOlder) {
            return currentBestLocation;
        }

        // Check whether the new location fix is more or less accurate
        int accuracyDelta = (int) (location.getAccuracy() - currentBestLocation.getAccuracy());
        boolean isLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 0;
        boolean isMoreAccurate = accuracyDelta < 0;
        boolean isSignificantlyLessAccurate = accuracyDelta > 200;

        // Check if the old and new location are from the same provider
        boolean isFromSameProvider = isSameProvider(location.getProvider(),
                currentBestLocation.getProvider());

        // Determine location quality using a combination of timeliness and accuracy
        if (isMoreAccurate) {
            return location;
        } else if (isNewer && !isLessAccurate) {
            return location;
        } else if (isNewer && !isSignificantlyLessAccurate && isFromSameProvider) {
            return location;
        }
        return currentBestLocation;
    }

    /**
     * Checks whether two providers are the same
     */

    private boolean isSameProvider(String provider1, String provider2) {
        if (provider1 == null) {
            return provider2 == null;
        }
        return provider1.equals(provider2);
    }

    public boolean isLocationAccurate(Location location) {
        if (location.hasAccuracy()) {
            return true;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    public Location getStaleLocation() {
        if (mLastLocationFetched != null) {
            return mLastLocationFetched;
        }
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 23 &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ContextCompat.checkSelfPermission(mContext, Android.Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
            return null;
        }
        if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER) {
            return locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        } else if (mProviderType == SmartLocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER) {
            return locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
        } else {
            return getBetterLocation(locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER), locationManager.getLastKnownLocation(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER));
        }
    }
}

wir können es mit Aktivität oder einem Fragment verwenden, hier verwende ich es mit Aktivität

import Android.location.Location;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import Android.widget.TextView;
import Android.widget.Toast;

import com.example.raza.locationaware.location.LocationManagerInterface;
import com.example.raza.locationaware.location.SmartLocationManager;
import com.google.Android.gms.location.LocationRequest;

public class LocationActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements LocationManagerInterface {

    public static final String TAG = LocationActivity.class.getSimpleName();

    SmartLocationManager mLocationManager;
    TextView mLocalTV, mLocationProviderTV, mlocationTimeTV;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_location);
        mLocationManager = new SmartLocationManager(getApplicationContext(), this, this, SmartLocationManager.ALL_PROVIDERS, LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY, 10 * 1000, 1 * 1000, SmartLocationManager.LOCATION_PROVIDER_RESTRICTION_NONE); // init location manager
        mLocalTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationDisplayTV);
        mLocationProviderTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationProviderTV);
        mlocationTimeTV = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.locationTimeFetchedTV);
    }

    protected void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
        mLocationManager.startLocationFetching();
    }

    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        mLocationManager.abortLocationFetching();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        mLocationManager.pauseLocationFetching();
    }

    @Override
    public void locationFetched(Location mLocal, Location oldLocation, String time, String locationProvider) {
        Toast.makeText(getApplication(), "Lat : " + mLocal.getLatitude() + " Lng : " + mLocal.getLongitude(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        mLocalTV.setText("Lat : " + mLocal.getLatitude() + " Lng : " + mLocal.getLongitude());
        mLocationProviderTV.setText(locationProvider);
        mlocationTimeTV.setText(time);
    }
}

Hoffe, es hilft, wenn Sie eine Verbesserung vorschlagen können, posten Sie sie bitte auf git . Vielen Dank.

5
Syed Raza Mehdi

GoogleSamples hat ein ausführliches Beispiel mit dem neuesten FusedLocationProviderApi. Leider sind die am häufigsten gestellten Fragen nicht mehr aktuell.

Befolgen Sie die folgenden Beispiele, um Location Services mithilfe von FusedLocationProviderApi zu implementieren

https://github.com/googlesamples/Android-play-location/tree/master/LocationUpdates

https://github.com/googlesamples/Android-play-location/blob/master/LocationUpdates/app/src/main/Java/com/google/Android/gms/location/sample/locationupdates/MainActivity. Java

5
karthikdivi

Zur Überprüfung des Standorts können Sie den folgenden Code verwenden. Sie können es in Ihr onStart () der Hauptaktivität einfügen und den Alarmdialog anzeigen, wenn return false ist.

private boolean isLocationAccurate()
    {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.KitKat)
        {
            String provider = Settings.Secure
                    .getString(getContentResolver(), Settings.Secure.LOCATION_PROVIDERS_ALLOWED);
            if (provider != null && !provider.contains("gps"))
            {
                return false;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            try
            {
                int status = Settings.Secure
                        .getInt(this.getContentResolver(), Settings.Secure.LOCATION_MODE);
                if (status != Settings.Secure.LOCATION_MODE_HIGH_ACCURACY)
                {
                    return false;
                }
            }
            catch (Settings.SettingNotFoundException e)
            {
                Log.e(TAG, e.getMessage());
            }
        }

        return true;
    }
3
Hesam

Wenn Sie neue Standortprojekte für Android erstellen, sollten Sie die neuen Google Play Standortdienste verwenden. Es ist viel genauer und viel einfacher zu bedienen.

Ich arbeite seit mehreren Jahren an einem Open-Source-GPS-Tracker-Projekt , GpsTracker. Ich habe es kürzlich aktualisiert, um regelmäßige Updates von Android-, iOS-, Windows Phone- und Java ME -Handys zu verarbeiten. Es ist voll funktionsfähig und macht das, was Sie brauchen und hat die MIT-Lizenz .

Das Projekt Android in GpsTracker verwendet die neuen Google Play-Dienste. Außerdem stehen zwei Serverstacks ( ASP.NET und PHP ) zur Verfügung diese Telefone zu verfolgen.

3
nickfox

Ich habe eine kleine Bibliothek veröffentlicht, die das Abrufen von Standortdaten in Android vereinfacht. Sie kümmert sich sogar um Android M Laufzeitberechtigungen.

Sie können es hier überprüfen: https://github.com/julioromano/RxLocation und es oder seinen Quellcode als Beispiele für Ihre Implementierung verwenden.

2
Marco Romano

Ich habe eine sehr genaue Position mit FusedLocationProviderClient
( Erforderliche Google Play-Dienste )

Berechtigungen erforderlich

Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION

Android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION

Abhängigkeit

"com.google.Android.gms: Speicherort der Wiedergabedienste: 15.0.0"

Kotlin-Code

val client = FusedLocationProviderClient(this)
val location = client.lastLocation
location.addOnCompleteListener {
    // this is a lambda expression and we get an 'it' iterator to access the 'result'
    // it.result.latitude gives the latitude
    // it.result.longitude gives the longitude 
    val geocoder = Geocoder(applicationContext, Locale.getDefault())
    val address = geocoder.getFromLocation(it.result.latitude, it.result.longitude, 1)
    if (address != null && address.size > 0) {
        // Get the current city
        city = address[0].locality
    }
}
location.addOnFailureListener {
    // Some error in getting the location, let's log it
    Log.d("xtraces", it.message)
}
2
Palkesh Jain

Einfache Suche nach Schreibcode in der On Location-Methode

public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
    if (mCurrLocationMarker != null) {
        mCurrLocationMarker.remove();
    }


    //Place current location marker
    LatLng latLng = new LatLng(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude());
    MarkerOptions markerOptions = new MarkerOptions();
    markerOptions.position(latLng);
    markerOptions.title("Current Position");
    markerOptions.icon(BitmapDescriptorFactory.defaultMarker(BitmapDescriptorFactory.HUE_RED));
    mCurrLocationMarker = mMap.addMarker(markerOptions);

    //move map camera
    mMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(latLng));
    mMap.animateCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.zoomTo(18));

    PolylineOptions pOptions = new PolylineOptions()
            .width(5)
            .color(Color.GREEN)
            .geodesic(true);
    for (int z = 0; z < routePoints.size(); z++) {
        LatLng point = routePoints.get(z);
        pOptions.add(point);
    }
    line = mMap.addPolyline(pOptions);
    routePoints.add(latLng);
}
2
Dhaval Shingala

Ich empfehle die Verwendung von Smart Location Library
Sehr einfach zu bedienen und umschließt die Standortlogik.

So starten Sie den Ortungsdienst:

SmartLocation.with(context).location()
    .start(new OnLocationUpdatedListener() { ... });

Wenn Sie nur einen einzigen Ort (nicht periodisch) erhalten möchten, können Sie einfach den oneFix-Modifikator verwenden. Beispiel:

SmartLocation.with(context).location()
    .oneFix()
    .start(new OnLocationUpdatedListener() { ... });
1

Die beste Methode zum Abrufen des Standorts finden Sie weiter unten

// put dependancy
 implementation 'com.google.Android.gms:play-services-location:11.0.4'

// PUT permissions in Menifest
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.INTERNET" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION" />
<uses-permission Android:name="Android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" /> 


// create a Java file as below

public class SingleShotLocationProvider {

  public static interface LocationCallback {
      public void onNewLocationAvailable(GPSCoordinates location);
  }

   // calls back to calling thread, note this is for low grain: if you want higher precision, swap the
   // contents of the else and if. Also be sure to check gps permission/settings are allowed.
   // call usually takes <10ms

  public static void requestSingleUpdate(final Context context, final LocationCallback callback) {
    final LocationManager locationManager = (LocationManager) context.getSystemService(Context.LOCATION_SERVICE);
    boolean isNetworkEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.NETWORK_PROVIDER);
    if (isNetworkEnabled) {
        Criteria criteria = new Criteria();
        criteria.setAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_COARSE);
        if (ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED &&
                ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, Manifest.permission.ACCESS_COARSE_LOCATION) != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {

            return;
        }
        locationManager.requestSingleUpdate(criteria, new LocationListener() {
            @Override
            public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                callback.onNewLocationAvailable(new GPSCoordinates(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude()));
            }

            @Override
            public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) {
            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) {
            }

            @Override
            public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) {
            }
        }, null);
     } else {
        boolean isGPSEnabled = locationManager.isProviderEnabled(LocationManager.GPS_PROVIDER);
        if (isGPSEnabled) {
            Criteria criteria = new Criteria();
            criteria.setAccuracy(Criteria.ACCURACY_FINE);
            locationManager.requestSingleUpdate(criteria, new LocationListener() {
                @Override
                public void onLocationChanged(Location location) {
                    callback.onNewLocationAvailable(new GPSCoordinates(location.getLatitude(), location.getLongitude()));
                }

                @Override public void onStatusChanged(String provider, int status, Bundle extras) { }
                @Override public void onProviderEnabled(String provider) { }
                @Override public void onProviderDisabled(String provider) { }
            }, null);
        }
     }
  }


  // consider returning Location instead of this dummy wrapper class
  public static class GPSCoordinates {
     public float longitude = -1;
     public float latitude = -1;

     public GPSCoordinates(float theLatitude, float theLongitude) {
        longitude = theLongitude;
        latitude = theLatitude;
     }

     public GPSCoordinates(double theLatitude, double theLongitude) {
        longitude = (float) theLongitude;
        latitude = (float) theLatitude;
     }
  }

}
// FILE FINISHED


// FETCH LOCATION FROM ACTIVITY AS BELOW
public void getLocation(Context context) {
    MyApplication.log(LOG_TAG, "getLocation() ");

    SingleShotLocationProvider.requestSingleUpdate(context,
            new SingleShotLocationProvider.LocationCallback() {
                @Override
                public void onNewLocationAvailable(SingleShotLocationProvider.GPSCoordinates loc) {
                    location = loc;
                    MyApplication.log(LOG_TAG, "getLocation() LAT: " + location.latitude + ", LON: " + location.longitude);               
                }
            });
}
0
Arwy Shelke

Implementierung von Google API Location Services

Die Methode, mit der der Google API-Client initialisiert und gestartet wird:

private void buildGoogleApiClient() {
    mGoogleApiClient = new GoogleApiClient.Builder(getApplicationContext())
        .addConnectionCallbacks(this)
        .addOnConnectionFailedListener(this)
        .addApi(LocationServices.API)
        .build();
    mGoogleApiClient.connect();
}

Die Methode, die LocationRequest initialisiert und zurückgibt:

private LocationRequest getLocationRequest() {
    mLocationRequest = new LocationRequest();
    mLocationRequest.setInterval(Constants.GPS_UPDATE_TIME);
    mLocationRequest.setSmallestDisplacement(Constants.SMALLEST_DISTANCE);
    mLocationRequest.setPriority(LocationRequest.PRIORITY_HIGH_ACCURACY);
}

Die Methode, die nach dem regelmäßigen Standort-Update fragt:

private void startGettingLocations() {
    LocationServices.FusedLocationApi.requestLocationUpdates(mGoogleApiClient, mLocationRequest, this);
}

Nachdem Sie die oben genannten Aktionen ausgeführt haben, wie im Fall von LocationManager, können Sie Standortaktualisierungen mit der Methode onLocationChanged(Location location) abrufen.

LocationManager vs Google Play Services

Die Quelle ist hier

0
yoAlex5

Einfach und unkompliziert

Standort ermitteln mit https://github.com/sachinvarma/EasyLocation .

Schritt 1: Rufen Sie einfach an

new EasyLocationInit(MainActivity.this, timeInterval, fastestTimeInterval, runAsBackgroundService);

timeInterval -> setInterval (long) (inMilliSeconds) bedeutet - Legen Sie das Intervall fest, in dem Sie Standorte abrufen möchten.

highestTimeInterval -> setFastestInterval (long) (inMilliSeconds) bedeutet - wenn ein Standort früher verfügbar ist, können Sie ihn erhalten. (d. h. eine andere App verwendet die Ortungsdienste).

runAsBackgroundService = True -> (Dienst wird im Hintergrund ausgeführt und wird regelmäßig aktualisiert (je nach Zeitintervall und schnellstem Zeitintervall)) runAsBackgroundService = False -> (Dienst wird zerstört nach einem erfolgreichen Standort-Update)

Schritt 2: EventBus-Abonnenten vorbereiten: Deklarieren und kommentieren Sie Ihre Abonnementmethode, und geben Sie optional einen Thread-Modus an:

z.B:

     @Override
     public void onStart() {
         super.onStart();
         EventBus.getDefault().register(this);
     }

     @Override
     public void onStop() {
         super.onStop();
         EventBus.getDefault().unregister(this);
     }

  @SuppressLint("SetTextI18n")
  @Subscribe
  public void getEvent(final Event event) {

    if (event instanceof LocationEvent) {
      if (((LocationEvent) event).location != null) {
        ((TextView) findViewById(R.id.tvLocation)).setText("The Latitude is "
          + ((LocationEvent) event).location.getLatitude()
          + " and the Longitude is "
          + ((LocationEvent) event).location.getLongitude());
      }
    }
  }

Das ist alles.

Hoffe, es wird jemandem in Zukunft helfen.

0
Sachin Varma