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Client zum Senden SOAP Anfordern und Empfangen von Antworten

Der Versuch, einen C # -Client zu erstellen (wird als Windows-Dienst entwickelt), der SOAP Anforderungen an einen Webdienst sendet (und die Ergebnisse abruft).

Von diesem Frage sah ich diesen Code:

protected virtual WebRequest CreateRequest(ISoapMessage soapMessage)
{
    var wr = WebRequest.Create(soapMessage.Uri);
    wr.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=utf-8";
    wr.ContentLength = soapMessage.ContentXml.Length;

    wr.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", soapMessage.SoapAction);
    wr.Credentials = soapMessage.Credentials;
    wr.Method = "POST";
    wr.GetRequestStream().Write(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(soapMessage.ContentXml), 0, soapMessage.ContentXml.Length);

    return wr;
}

public interface ISoapMessage
{
    string Uri { get; }
    string ContentXml { get; }
    string SoapAction { get; }
    ICredentials Credentials { get; }
}

Sieht nett aus, weiß jemand, wie man es benutzt und ob es die beste Praxis ist?

144
Data-Base

Normalerweise benutze ich einen anderen Weg, um dasselbe zu tun

using System.Xml;
using System.Net;
using System.IO;

public static void CallWebService()
{
    var _url = "http://xxxxxxxxx/Service1.asmx";
    var _action = "http://xxxxxxxx/Service1.asmx?op=HelloWorld";

    XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml = CreateSoapEnvelope();
    HttpWebRequest webRequest = CreateWebRequest(_url, _action);
    InsertSoapEnvelopeIntoWebRequest(soapEnvelopeXml, webRequest);

    // begin async call to web request.
    IAsyncResult asyncResult = webRequest.BeginGetResponse(null, null);

    // suspend this thread until call is complete. You might want to
    // do something usefull here like update your UI.
    asyncResult.AsyncWaitHandle.WaitOne();

    // get the response from the completed web request.
    string soapResult;
    using (WebResponse webResponse = webRequest.EndGetResponse(asyncResult))
    {
        using (StreamReader rd = new StreamReader(webResponse.GetResponseStream()))
        {
            soapResult = rd.ReadToEnd();
        }
        Console.Write(soapResult);        
    }
}

private static HttpWebRequest CreateWebRequest(string url, string action)
{
    HttpWebRequest webRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
    webRequest.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", action);
    webRequest.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=\"utf-8\"";
    webRequest.Accept = "text/xml";
    webRequest.Method = "POST";
    return webRequest;
}

private static XmlDocument CreateSoapEnvelope()
{
    XmlDocument soapEnvelopeDocument = new XmlDocument();
    soapEnvelopeDocument.LoadXml(@"<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"" xmlns:xsi=""http://www.w3.org/1999/XMLSchema-instance"" xmlns:xsd=""http://www.w3.org/1999/XMLSchema""><SOAP-ENV:Body><HelloWorld xmlns=""http://tempuri.org/"" SOAP-ENV:encodingStyle=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/""><int1 xsi:type=""xsd:integer"">12</int1><int2 xsi:type=""xsd:integer"">32</int2></HelloWorld></SOAP-ENV:Body></SOAP-ENV:Envelope>");
    return soapEnvelopeDocument;
}

private static void InsertSoapEnvelopeIntoWebRequest(XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml, HttpWebRequest webRequest)
{
    using (Stream stream = webRequest.GetRequestStream())
    {
        soapEnvelopeXml.Save(stream);
    }
}
199
KBBWrite

Ich habe diese einfache Lösung hier :

Senden SOAP Anfordern und Empfangen von Antworten in .NET 4.0 C # ohne Verwendung der WSDL- oder Proxy-Klassen:

class Program
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Execute a Soap WebService call
        /// </summary>
        public static void Execute()
        {
            HttpWebRequest request = CreateWebRequest();
            XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml = new XmlDocument();
            soapEnvelopeXml.LoadXml(@"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
                <soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"" xmlns:xsd=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"" xmlns:soap=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"">
                  <soap:Body>
                    <HelloWorld xmlns=""http://tempuri.org/"" />
                  </soap:Body>
                </soap:Envelope>");

            using (Stream stream = request.GetRequestStream())
            {
                soapEnvelopeXml.Save(stream);
            }

            using (WebResponse response = request.GetResponse())
            {
                using (StreamReader rd = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()))
                {
                    string soapResult = rd.ReadToEnd();
                    Console.WriteLine(soapResult);
                }
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// Create a soap webrequest to [Url]
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public static HttpWebRequest CreateWebRequest()
        {
            HttpWebRequest webRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(@"http://localhost:56405/WebService1.asmx?op=HelloWorld");
            webRequest.Headers.Add(@"SOAP:Action");
            webRequest.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=\"utf-8\"";
            webRequest.Accept = "text/xml";
            webRequest.Method = "POST";
            return webRequest;
        }

        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Execute();
        }
    }
56
Yuliia Ashomok

Die beste Vorgehensweise besteht darin, auf die WSDL zu verweisen und sie wie eine Webdienstreferenz zu verwenden. Es ist einfacher und funktioniert besser, aber wenn Sie nicht über die WSDL verfügen, sind die XSD-Definitionen ein gutes Stück Code.

18
Albernazf

Ich denke, es gibt einen einfacheren Weg:

 public async Task<string> CreateSoapEnvelope()
 {
      string soapString = @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
          <soap:Envelope xmlns:xsi=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"" xmlns:xsd=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"" xmlns:soap=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"">
              <soap:Body>
                  <HelloWorld xmlns=""http://tempuri.org/"" />
              </soap:Body>
          </soap:Envelope>";

          HttpResponseMessage response = await PostXmlRequest("your_url_here", soapString);
          string content = await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync();

      return content;
 }

 public static async Task<HttpResponseMessage> PostXmlRequest(string baseUrl, string xmlString)
 {
      using (var httpClient = new HttpClient())
      {
          var httpContent = new StringContent(xmlString, Encoding.UTF8, "text/xml");
          httpContent.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", "http://tempuri.org/HelloWorld");

          return await httpClient.PostAsync(baseUrl, httpContent);
       }
 }
13
debiasej

Ich habe eine allgemeinere Hilfsklasse geschrieben, die ein auf Zeichenfolgen basierendes Wörterbuch mit benutzerdefinierten Parametern akzeptiert, damit sie vom Aufrufer festgelegt werden können, ohne sie hart codieren zu müssen. Es versteht sich von selbst, dass Sie eine solche Methode nur verwenden sollten, wenn Sie einen SOAP-basierten Webdienst manuell ausgeben möchten (oder müssen): In den meisten Szenarien wird empfohlen, den Webdienst WSDL zusammen mit Fügen Sie stattdessen die Funktion Dienstreferenz Visual Studio hinzu.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.IO;
using System.Linq;
using System.Net;
using System.Xml;

namespace Ryadel.Web.SOAP
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Helper class to send custom SOAP requests.
    /// </summary>
    public static class SOAPHelper
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Sends a custom sync SOAP request to given URL and receive a request
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="url">The WebService endpoint URL</param>
        /// <param name="action">The WebService action name</param>
        /// <param name="parameters">A dictionary containing the parameters in a key-value fashion</param>
        /// <param name="soapAction">The SOAPAction value, as specified in the Web Service's WSDL (or NULL to use the url parameter)</param>
        /// <param name="useSOAP12">Set this to TRUE to use the SOAP v1.2 protocol, FALSE to use the SOAP v1.1 (default)</param>
        /// <returns>A string containing the raw Web Service response</returns>
        public static string SendSOAPRequest(string url, string action, Dictionary<string, string> parameters, string soapAction = null, bool useSOAP12 = false)
        {
            // Create the SOAP envelope
            XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml = new XmlDocument();
            var xmlStr = (useSOAP12)
                ? @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
                    <soap12:Envelope xmlns:xsi=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance""
                      xmlns:xsd=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema""
                      xmlns:soap12=""http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope"">
                      <soap12:Body>
                        <{0} xmlns=""{1}"">{2}</{0}>
                      </soap12:Body>
                    </soap12:Envelope>"
                : @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-8""?>
                    <soap:Envelope xmlns:soap=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"" 
                        xmlns:xsi=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"" 
                        xmlns:xsd=""http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"">
                        <soap:Body>
                           <{0} xmlns=""{1}"">{2}</{0}>
                        </soap:Body>
                    </soap:Envelope>";
            string parms = string.Join(string.Empty, parameters.Select(kv => String.Format("<{0}>{1}</{0}>", kv.Key, kv.Value)).ToArray());
            var s = String.Format(xmlStr, action, new Uri(url).GetLeftPart(UriPartial.Authority) + "/", parms);
            soapEnvelopeXml.LoadXml(s);

            // Create the web request
            HttpWebRequest webRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
            webRequest.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", soapAction ?? url);
            webRequest.ContentType = (useSOAP12) ? "application/soap+xml;charset=\"utf-8\"" : "text/xml;charset=\"utf-8\"";
            webRequest.Accept = (useSOAP12) ? "application/soap+xml" : "text/xml";
            webRequest.Method = "POST";

            // Insert SOAP envelope
            using (Stream stream = webRequest.GetRequestStream())
            {
                soapEnvelopeXml.Save(stream);
            }

            // Send request and retrieve result
            string result;
            using (WebResponse response = webRequest.GetResponse())
            {
                using (StreamReader rd = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream()))
                {
                    result = rd.ReadToEnd();
                }
            }
            return result;
        }
    }
}

Für zusätzliche Informationen und Details zu diesem Kurs kannst du auch lies diesen Beitrag auf meinem Blog.

12
Darkseal

Rufe SOAP webservice in c # auf

using (var client = new UpdatedOutlookServiceReferenceAPI.OutlookServiceSoapClient("OutlookServiceSoap"))
{
    ServicePointManager.SecurityProtocol = SecurityProtocolType.Ssl3 | SecurityProtocolType.Tls12;
    var result = client.UploadAttachmentBase64(GUID, FinalFileName, fileURL);

    if (result == true)
    {
        resultFlag = true;
    }
    else
    {
        resultFlag = false;
    }
    LogWriter.LogWrite1("resultFlag : " + resultFlag);
}
0
vipul kumar