wake-up-neo.com

So exportieren Sie DataTable nach Excel

Wie kann ich eine DataTable in Excel in C # exportieren? Ich verwende Windows Forms. Die Variable DataTable ist einem Steuerelement DataGridView zugeordnet. Ich muss Datensätze von DataTable nach Excel exportieren.

86
user1057221

Ich würde empfehlen ClosedXML

Sie können eine DataTable in ein Excel-Arbeitsblatt mit very lesbaren Code umwandeln:

XLWorkbook wb = new XLWorkbook();
DataTable dt = GetDataTableOrWhatever();
wb.Worksheets.Add(dt,"WorksheetName");

Der Entwickler ist ansprechend und hilfsbereit. Das Projekt wird aktiv entwickelt und die Dokumentation ist hervorragend.

113
hmqcnoesy

Versuchen Sie es mit einfachem Code, um DataTable als csv in eine Excel-Datei zu konvertieren:

var lines = new List<string>();

string[] columnNames = dataTable.Columns.Cast<DataColumn>().
                                  Select(column => column.ColumnName).
                                  ToArray();

var header = string.Join(",", columnNames);
lines.Add(header);

var valueLines = dataTable.AsEnumerable()
                   .Select(row => string.Join(",", row.ItemArray));            
lines.AddRange(valueLines);

File.WriteAllLines("Excel.csv",lines);

Dadurch wird eine neue Datei Excel.csv in das "aktuelle Arbeitsverzeichnis" geschrieben, in dem sich die EXE-Datei normalerweise befindet oder von wo aus sie gestartet wird. 

Beachten Sie, dass die Ausgabe Kommas (",") zwischen den bereits in der dataTable enthaltenen Daten enthält. Da es keine Kommas in den Daten gibt, werden Kommas in den Daten falsch interpretiert von dem Programm, das die Datei liest.

55
cuongle

Eine elegante Option ist das Schreiben einer Erweiterungsmethode (siehe unten) für die DataTable-Klasse des .NET-Frameworks.

Diese Erweiterungsmethode kann wie folgt aufgerufen werden:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using Excel = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.OleDb;

DataTable dt;
// fill table data in dt here 
...

// export DataTable to Excel
// save Excel file without ever making it visible if filepath is given
// don't save Excel file, just make it visible if no filepath is given
dt.ExportToExcel(ExcelFilePath);

Erweiterungsmethode für die DataTable-Klasse:

public static class My_DataTable_Extensions
{

    // Export DataTable into an Excel file with field names in the header line
    // - Save Excel file without ever making it visible if filepath is given
    // - Don't save Excel file, just make it visible if no filepath is given
    public static void ExportToExcel(this DataTable tbl, string excelFilePath = null) {
        try {
            if (tbl == null || tbl.Columns.Count == 0)
                throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Null or empty input table!\n");

            // load Excel, and create a new workbook
            var excelApp = new Excel.Application();
            excelApp.Workbooks.Add();

            // single worksheet
            Excel._Worksheet workSheet = excelApp.ActiveSheet;

            // column headings
            for (var i = 0; i < tbl.Columns.Count; i++) {
                workSheet.Cells[1, i + 1] = tbl.Columns[i].ColumnName;
            }

            // rows
            for (var i = 0; i < tbl.Rows.Count; i++) {
                // to do: format datetime values before printing
                for (var j = 0; j < tbl.Columns.Count; j++) {
                    workSheet.Cells[i + 2, j + 1] = tbl.Rows[i][j];
                }
            }

            // check file path
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(excelFilePath)) {
                try {
                    workSheet.SaveAs(excelFilePath);
                    excelApp.Quit();
                    MessageBox.Show("Excel file saved!");
                }
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Excel file could not be saved! Check filepath.\n"
                                        + ex.Message);
                }
            } else { // no file path is given
                excelApp.Visible = true;
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex) {
            throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: \n" + ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
37
tuncalik

Lösung basierend auf tuncalik (danke für die Idee) Artikel, aber bei großen Tischen geht es viel schneller (und ist etwas weniger klar).

public static class My_DataTable_Extensions
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Export DataTable to Excel file
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="DataTable">Source DataTable</param>
    /// <param name="ExcelFilePath">Path to result file name</param>
    public static void ExportToExcel(this System.Data.DataTable DataTable, string ExcelFilePath = null)
    {
        try
        {
            int ColumnsCount;

            if (DataTable == null || (ColumnsCount = DataTable.Columns.Count) == 0)
                throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Null or empty input table!\n");

            // load Excel, and create a new workbook
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application Excel = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application();
            Excel.Workbooks.Add();

            // single worksheet
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel._Worksheet Worksheet = Excel.ActiveSheet;

            object[] Header = new object[ColumnsCount];

            // column headings               
            for (int i = 0; i < ColumnsCount; i++)
                Header[i] = DataTable.Columns[i].ColumnName;

            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range HeaderRange = Worksheet.get_Range((Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[1, 1]), (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[1, ColumnsCount]));
            HeaderRange.Value = Header;
            HeaderRange.Interior.Color = System.Drawing.ColorTranslator.ToOle(System.Drawing.Color.LightGray);
            HeaderRange.Font.Bold = true;

            // DataCells
            int RowsCount = DataTable.Rows.Count;
            object[,] Cells = new object[RowsCount, ColumnsCount];

            for (int j = 0; j < RowsCount; j++)
                for (int i = 0; i < ColumnsCount; i++)
                    Cells[j, i] = DataTable.Rows[j][i];

            Worksheet.get_Range((Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[2, 1]), (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Range)(Worksheet.Cells[RowsCount + 1, ColumnsCount])).Value = Cells;

            // check fielpath
            if (ExcelFilePath != null && ExcelFilePath != "")
            {
                try
                {
                    Worksheet.SaveAs(ExcelFilePath);
                    Excel.Quit();
                    System.Windows.MessageBox.Show("Excel file saved!");
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: Excel file could not be saved! Check filepath.\n"
                        + ex.Message);
                }
            }
            else    // no filepath is given
            {
                Excel.Visible = true;
            }
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            throw new Exception("ExportToExcel: \n" + ex.Message);
        }
    }
}
19

Versuchen Sie diese Funktion, die Datentabelle und den Dateipfad weiterzugeben, an den Sie exportieren möchten 

public void CreateCSVFile(ref DataTable dt, string strFilePath)
{            
    try
    {
        // Create the CSV file to which grid data will be exported.
        StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(strFilePath, false);
        // First we will write the headers.
        //DataTable dt = m_dsProducts.Tables[0];
        int iColCount = dt.Columns.Count;
        for (int i = 0; i < iColCount; i++)
        {
            sw.Write(dt.Columns[i]);
            if (i < iColCount - 1)
            {
                sw.Write(",");
            }
        }
        sw.Write(sw.NewLine);

        // Now write all the rows.

        foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < iColCount; i++)
            {
                if (!Convert.IsDBNull(dr[i]))
                {
                    sw.Write(dr[i].ToString());
                }
                if (i < iColCount - 1)
                {
                    sw.Write(",");
                }
            }

            sw.Write(sw.NewLine);
        }
        sw.Close();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        throw ex;
    }
}
13
Mayur Borad

Der beste und einfachste Weg

private void exportToExcel(DataTable dt)
    {

        /*Set up work book, work sheets, and Excel application*/
        Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application oexcel = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Application();
        try
        {
            string path = AppDomain.CurrentDomain.BaseDirectory;
            object misValue = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Workbook obook = oexcel.Workbooks.Add(misValue);
            Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet osheet = new Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet();


          //  obook.Worksheets.Add(misValue);

            osheet = (Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel.Worksheet)obook.Sheets["Sheet1"];
            int colIndex = 0;
            int rowIndex = 1;

            foreach (DataColumn dc in dt.Columns)
            {
                colIndex++;
                osheet.Cells[1, colIndex] = dc.ColumnName;
            }
            foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows)
            {
                rowIndex++;
                colIndex = 0;

                foreach (DataColumn dc in dt.Columns)
                {
                    colIndex++;
                    osheet.Cells[rowIndex, colIndex] = dr[dc.ColumnName];
                }
            }

            osheet.Columns.AutoFit();
            string filepath = "C:\\Temp\\Book1";

            //Release and terminate Excel

            obook.SaveAs(filepath);
            obook.Close();
            oexcel.Quit();
            releaseObject(osheet);

            releaseObject(obook);

            releaseObject(oexcel);
            GC.Collect();
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            oexcel.Quit();
            log.AddToErrorLog(ex, this.Name);
        }
    }
4
Tim

Sie können EasyXLS verwenden, eine Bibliothek, um Excel-Dateien zu exportieren.

Überprüfen Sie diesen Code:

DataSet ds = new DataSet();
ds.Tables.Add(dataTable);

ExcelDocument xls = new ExcelDocument();
xls.easy_WriteXLSFile_FromDataSet("datatable.xls", ds, 
           new ExcelAutoFormat(Styles.AUTOFORMAT_EASYXLS1), "DataTable");

Siehe auch dieses Beispiel, wie exportierbare Daten in Excel in C # exportiert werden .

1
alex.pulver

Diese Lösung überträgt im Wesentlichen List<Object>-Daten nach Excel. Sie verwendet DataTable, um dies zu erreichen. Ich habe eine Erweiterungsmethode implementiert. erforderlich. 1. Eine Erweiterungsmethode.

public static class ReportHelper
{
    public static string ToExcel<T>(this IList<T> data)
    {
        PropertyDescriptorCollection properties =
            TypeDescriptor.GetProperties(typeof(T));
        DataTable table = new DataTable();
        foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
        {
            //table.Columns.Add(prop.Name, Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(prop.PropertyType) ?? prop.PropertyType);
            if (prop.Attributes[typeof(FGMS.Entity.Extensions.ReportHeaderAttribute)] != null)
            {
                table.Columns.Add(GetColumnHeader(prop), Nullable.GetUnderlyingType(prop.PropertyType) ?? prop.PropertyType);
            }
        }

        //So it seems like when there is only one row of data the headers do not appear
        //so adding a dummy blank row which fixed the issues
        //Add a blank Row - Issue # 1471
        DataRow blankRow = table.NewRow();
        table.Rows.Add(blankRow);

        foreach (T item in data)
        {
            DataRow row = table.NewRow();
            foreach (PropertyDescriptor prop in properties)
                //row[prop.Name] = prop.GetValue(item) ?? DBNull.Value;
                if (prop.Attributes[typeof(FGMS.Entity.Extensions.ReportHeaderAttribute)] != null)
                {
                    row[GetColumnHeader(prop)] = prop.GetValue(item) ?? DBNull.Value;
                }
            table.Rows.Add(row);
        }
        table.TableName = "Results";
        var filePath = System.IO.Path.GetTempPath() + "\\" + System.Guid.NewGuid().ToString() + ".xls";
        table.WriteXml(filePath);

        return filePath;
    }

    private static string GetColumnHeader(PropertyDescriptor prop)
    {
        return ((FGMS.Entity.Extensions.ReportHeaderAttribute)(prop.Attributes[typeof(FGMS.Entity.Extensions.ReportHeaderAttribute)])).ReportHeaderText;
    }       
}
  1. Dekoriere deine DTO-Klassen mit dem Attribut [ReportHeaderAttribute("Column Name")]
public class UserDTO
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        public int SourceId { get; set; }
        public string SourceName { get; set; }

        [ReportHeaderAttribute("User Type")]
        public string UsereType { get; set; }

        [ReportHeaderAttribute("Address")]
        public string Address{ get; set; }

        [ReportHeaderAttribute("Age")]
        public int Age{ get; set; }

        public bool IsActive { get; set; }

        [ReportHeaderAttribute("Active")]
        public string IsActiveString
        {
            get
            {
                return IsActive ? "Yes" : "No";
            }
        }}

Alles, was eine Spalte in Excel sein muss, muss mit [ReportHeaderAttribute("Column Name")] versehen werden. 

Dann einfach 

Var userList = Service.GetUsers() //Returns List of UserDTO;
var excelFilePath = userList.ToExcel();

HttpResponseMessage result = new HttpResponseMessage(HttpStatusCode.OK);
            var stream = new FileStream(excelFilePath, FileMode.Open);
            result.Content = new StreamContent(stream);
            result.Content.Headers.ContentType =
                new MediaTypeHeaderValue("application/vnd.ms-Excel");
            result.Content.Headers.ContentDisposition = new ContentDispositionHeaderValue("attachment") { FileName = "UserList.xls" };

            return result;
0
Melu

Excel Interop:

Diese Methode verhindert, dass Datumsangaben von TT-MM-JJJJ auf .__ umgedreht werden. MM-TT-JJJJ

public bool DataTableToExcelFile(DataTable dt, string targetFile)
{
    const bool dontSave = false;
    bool success = true;

    //Exit if there is no rows to export
    if (dt.Rows.Count == 0) return false;

    object misValue = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;
    List<int> dateColIndex = new List<int>();
    Excel.Application excelApp = new Excel.Application();
    Excel.Workbook excelWorkBook = excelApp.Workbooks.Add(misValue);
    Excel.Worksheet excelWorkSheet = excelWorkBook.Sheets("sheet1");

    //Iterate through the DataTable and populate the Excel work sheet
    try {
        for (int i = -1; i <= dt.Rows.Count - 1; i++) {
            for (int j = 0; j <= dt.Columns.Count - 1; j++) {
                if (i < 0) {
                    //Take special care with Date columns
                    if (dt.Columns(j).DataType is typeof(DateTime)) {
                        excelWorkSheet.Cells(1, j + 1).EntireColumn.NumberFormat = "d-MMM-yyyy;@";
                        dateColIndex.Add(j);
                    } 
                    //else if ... Feel free to add more Formats

                    else {
                        //Otherwise Format the column as text
                        excelWorkSheet.Cells(1, j + 1).EntireColumn.NumberFormat = "@";
                    }
                    excelWorkSheet.Cells(1, j + 1) = dt.Columns(j).Caption;
                } 
                else if (dateColIndex.IndexOf(j) > -1) {
                    excelWorkSheet.Cells(i + 2, j + 1) = Convert.ToDateTime(dt.Rows(i).ItemArray(j)).ToString("d-MMM-yyyy");
                } 
                else {
                    excelWorkSheet.Cells(i + 2, j + 1) = dt.Rows(i).ItemArray(j).ToString();
                }
            }
        }

        //Add Autofilters to the Excel work sheet  
        excelWorkSheet.Cells.AutoFilter(1, Type.Missing, Excel.XlAutoFilterOperator.xlAnd, Type.Missing, true);
        //Autofit columns for neatness
        excelWorkSheet.Columns.AutoFit();
        if (File.Exists(exportFile)) File.Delete(exportFile);
        excelWorkSheet.SaveAs(exportFile);
    } catch {
        success = false;
    } finally {
        //Do this irrespective of whether there was an exception or not. 
        excelWorkBook.Close(dontSave);
        excelApp.Quit();
        releaseObject(excelWorkSheet);
        releaseObject(excelWorkBook);
        releaseObject(excelApp);
    }
    return success;
}

Wenn es Ihnen egal ist, ob Datumsangaben umgedreht werden, verwenden Sie den folgenden Link, der zeigt, wie alle Zellen in der Excel-Tabelle in einer Codezeile gefüllt werden:

Excel Interop - Effizienz und Leistung

CSV:

public string DataTableToCSV(DataTable dt, bool includeHeader, string rowFilter, string sortFilter, bool useCommaDelimiter = false, bool truncateTimesFromDates = false)
{
    dt.DefaultView.RowFilter = rowFilter;
    dt.DefaultView.Sort = sortFilter;
    DataView dv = dt.DefaultView;
    string csv = DataTableToCSV(dv.ToTable, includeHeader, useCommaDelimiter, truncateTimesFromDates);
    //reset the Filtering
    dt.DefaultView.RowFilter = string.Empty;
    return csv;
}

public string DataTableToCsv(DataTable dt, bool includeHeader, bool useCommaDelimiter = false, bool truncateTimesFromDates = false)
{
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
    string delimter = Constants.vbTab;
    if (useCommaDelimiter)
        delimter = ",";

    if (includeHeader) {
        foreach (DataColumn dc in dt.Columns) {
            sb.AppendFormat("{0}" + Constants.vbTab, dc.ColumnName);
        }

        //remove the last Tab
        sb.Remove(sb.ToString.Length - 1, 1);
        sb.Append(Environment.NewLine);
    }

    foreach (DataRow dr in dt.Rows) {
        foreach (DataColumn dc in dt.Columns) {
            if (Information.IsDate(dr(dc.ColumnName).ToString()) & dr(dc.ColumnName).ToString().Contains(".") == false & truncateTimesFromDates) {
                sb.AppendFormat("{0}" + delimter, Convert.ToDateTime(dr(dc.ColumnName).ToString()).Date.ToShortDateString());
            } else {
                sb.AppendFormat("{0}" + delimter, CheckDBNull(dr(dc.ColumnName).ToString().Replace(",", "")));
            }
        }
        //remove the last Tab
        sb.Remove(sb.ToString.Length - 1, 1);
        sb.Append(Environment.NewLine);
    }
    return sb.ToString;
}

public enum enumObjectType
{
    StrType = 0,
    IntType = 1,
    DblType = 2
}

public object CheckDBNull(object obj, enumObjectType ObjectType = enumObjectType.StrType)
{
    object objReturn = null;
    objReturn = obj;
    if (ObjectType == enumObjectType.StrType & Information.IsDBNull(obj)) {
        objReturn = "";
    } else if (ObjectType == enumObjectType.IntType & Information.IsDBNull(obj)) {
        objReturn = 0;
    } else if (ObjectType == enumObjectType.DblType & Information.IsDBNull(obj)) {
        objReturn = 0.0;
    }
    return objReturn;
}
0
Jeremy Thompson
Private tmr As System.Windows.Forms.Timer

Private Sub TestExcel() Handles Button1.Click

    '// Initial data: SQL Server table with 6 columns and 293000 rows.


    '// Data table holding all data
    Dim dt As New DataTable("F161")

    '// Create connection
    Dim conn As New SqlConnection("Server=MYSERVER;Database=Test;Trusted_Connection=Yes;")
    Dim fAdapter As New SqlDataAdapter With
    {
        .SelectCommand = New SqlCommand($"SELECT * FROM dbo.MyTable", conn)
    }

    '// Fill DataTable
    fAdapter.Fill(dt)

    '// Create Excel application
    Dim xlApp As New Excel.Application With {.Visible = True}

    '// Temporarily disable screen updating
    xlApp.ScreenUpdating = False

    '// Create brand new workbook
    Dim xlBook As Excel.Workbook = xlApp.Workbooks.Add()
    Dim xlSheet As Excel.Worksheet = DirectCast(xlBook.Sheets(1), Excel.Worksheet)

    '// Get number of rows
    Dim rows_count = dt.Rows.Count
    '// Get number of columns
    Dim cols_count = dt.Columns.Count

    '// Here 's the core idea: after receiving data
    '// you need to create an array and transfer it to sheet.
    '// Why array?
    '// Because it's the fastest way to transfer data to Excel's sheet.
    '// So, we have two tasks:
    '// 1) Create array
    '// 2) Transfer array to sheet

    '// =========================================================
    '// TASK 1: Create array
    '// =========================================================
    '// In order to create array, we need to know that
    '// Excel's Range object expects 2-D array whose lower bounds
    '// of both dimensions start from 1.
    '// This means you can't use C# array.
    '// You need to manually create such array.
    '// Since we already calculated number of rows and columns,
    '// we can use these numbers in creating array.
    Dim arr = Array.CreateInstance(GetType(Object), {rows_count, cols_count}, {1, 1})

    '// Fill array
    For r = 0 To rows_count - 1
        For c = 0 To cols_count - 1
            arr(r + 1, c + 1) = dt.Rows(r)(c)
        Next
    Next

    '// =========================================================
    '// TASK 2: Transfer array to sheet
    '// =========================================================
    '// Now we need to transfer array to sheet.
    '// So, how transfer array to sheet fast?
    '// 
    '// THE FASTEST WAY TO TRANSFER DATA TO SHEET IS TO ASSIGN ARRAY TO RANGE.
    '// We could, of course, hard-code values, but Resize property
    '// makes this work a breeze:
    xlSheet.Range("A1").Resize.Resize(rows_count, cols_count).Value = arr

    '// If we decide to dump data by iterating over array,
    '// it will take LOTS of time.
    '// For r = 1 To rows_count
    '//     For c = 1 To cols_count
    '//         xlSheet.Cells(r, c) = arr(r, c)
    '//     Next
    '// Next

    '// Here are time results:
    '// 1) Assigning array to Range: 3 seconds
    '// 2) Iterating over array: 45 minutes

    '// Turn updating on
    xlApp.ScreenUpdating = True
    xlApp = Nothing
    xlBook = Nothing
    xlSheet = Nothing

    '// Here we have another problem:
    '// creating array took lots of memory (about 150 MB).
    '// Using 'GC.Collect()', by unknown reason, doesn't help here.
    '// However, if you run GC.Collect() AFTER this procedure is finished
    '// (say, by pressing another button and calling another procedure),
    '// then the memory is cleaned up.
    '// I was wondering how to avoid creating some extra button to just release memory,
    '// so I came up with the idea to use timer to call GC.
    '// After 2 seconds GC collects all generations.
    '// Do not forget to dispose timer since we need it only once.

    tmr = New Timer()
    AddHandler tmr.Tick,
        Sub()
            GC.Collect()
            GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers()
            GC.WaitForFullGCComplete()
            tmr.Dispose()
        End Sub
    tmr.Interval = TimeSpan.FromSeconds(2).TotalMilliseconds()
    tmr.Start()

End Sub
0
JohnyL

Alter Thread - aber ich dachte, ich würde meinen Code hier reinwerfen. Ich habe eine kleine Funktion geschrieben, um eine Datentabelle in eine neue Excel-Tabelle an einem bestimmten Pfad (Speicherort) zu schreiben. Außerdem müssen Sie einen Verweis auf die Microsoft Excel 14.0-Bibliothek hinzufügen. 

Ich zog aus diesem Thread beim Schreiben von etwas in Excel - Wie schreibe ich Daten in eine Excel-Datei (.xlsx)

ich benutzte das, um zu extrapolieren, wie man eine Datentabelle schreibt

* note in catch-Anweisungen Ich habe eine statische Klassenreferenz für den Errorhandler (Sie können diese ignorieren)

 using Excel = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
 using System.IO;
 using System.Data;
 using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

 //class and namespace wrapper is not shown in this example 

 private void WriteToExcel(System.Data.DataTable dt, string location)
    {
        //instantiate Excel objects (application, workbook, worksheets)
        Excel.Application XlObj = new Excel.Application();
        XlObj.Visible = false;
        Excel._Workbook WbObj = (Excel.Workbook)(XlObj.Workbooks.Add(""));
        Excel._Worksheet WsObj = (Excel.Worksheet)WbObj.ActiveSheet;

        //run through datatable and assign cells to values of datatable
        try
        {
            int row = 1; int col = 1;
            foreach (DataColumn column in dt.Columns)
            {
                //adding columns
                WsObj.Cells[row, col] = column.ColumnName;
                col++;
            }
            //reset column and row variables
            col = 1;
            row++;
            for (int i = 0; i < dt.Rows.Count; i++)
            {
                //adding data
                foreach (var cell in dt.Rows[i].ItemArray)
                {
                    WsObj.Cells[row, col] = cell;
                    col++;
                }
                col = 1;
                row++;
            }
            WbObj.SaveAs(location);
        }
        catch (COMException x)
        {                
            ErrorHandler.Handle(x);
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {               
            ErrorHandler.Handle(ex);
        }
        finally
        {
            WbObj.Close();                
        }
    }
0
Matt Farguson

Um Daten nach Excel zu exportieren, können Sie die ClosedXML.Report-Bibliothek ( https://github.com/ClosedXML/ClosedXML.Report ) verwenden. Glauben Sie mir, dies ist eine wunderbare Bibliothek und einfach für sie zu benutzen. Die Bibliothek benötigt kein Excel Interop. ClosedXML.Report generiert eine Excel-Datei basierend auf einer Vorlage, die Sie in Excel mit beliebigen Formatierungen erstellen können. Zum Beispiel:

    var template = new XLTemplate(@".\Templates\report.xlsx");

    using (var db = new DbDemos())
    {
        var cust = db.customers.LoadWith(c => c.Orders).First();
        template.AddVariable(cust);
        template.Generate();
    }

    template.SaveAs(outputFile);
0
b0bi

Nutzen Sie einfach die CloseMXL.Excel Library . Es ist einfach und ziemlich schnell.

Klasse

private DataTable getAllList()
        {
            string constr = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["RConnection"].ConnectionString;
            using (SqlConnection con = new SqlConnection(constr))
            {
                using (SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("SELECT EmpId, gender, EmpName, pOnHold FROM Employee  WHERE EmpId= '"+ AnyVariable + "' ORDER BY EmpName"))
                {
                    using (SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter())
                    {
                        DataTable dt = new DataTable();
                        cmd.CommandType = CommandType.Text;
                        cmd.Connection = con;
                        da.SelectCommand = cmd;
                        da.Fill(dt);
                        dt.Columns[0].ColumnName = "Employee Id";
                        dt.Columns[1].ColumnName = "Gender";
                        dt.Columns[2].ColumnName = "Employee Name";
                        dt.Columns[3].ColumnName = "On Hold";

                        return dt;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

Dann eine andere Methode, die den Datensatz bekommen

public DataSet getDataSetExportToExcel()
        {
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            DataTable dtEmp = new DataTable("CLOT List");
            dtEmp = getAllList();
             ds.Tables.Add(dtEmp);
             ds.Tables[0].TableName = "Employee"; //If you which to use Mutliple Tabs
             return ds;
          }

Jetzt klicken Sie auf die Schaltfläche Ereignis

protected void btn_Export_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            DataSet ds = getDataSetExportToExcel();

            using (XLWorkbook wb = new XLWorkbook())
            {
                wb.Worksheets.Add(ds);
                wb.Style.Alignment.Horizontal = XLAlignmentHorizontalValues.Center;
                wb.Style.Font.Bold = true;

                Response.Clear();
                Response.Buffer = true;
                Response.Charset = "";
                Response.ContentType = "application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet";
                Response.AddHeader("content-disposition", "attachment;filename=EmployeeonHoldList.xlsx");

                using (MemoryStream MyMemoryStream = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    wb.SaveAs(MyMemoryStream);
                    MyMemoryStream.WriteTo(Response.OutputStream);

                    Response.Flush();
                    Response.End();
                }
            }
        }
0
PatsonLeaner

verwenden Sie die folgende Klasse

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data;
using Excel = Microsoft.Office.Interop.Excel;
using EL = ExcelLibrary.SpreadSheet;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Windows.Forms;


namespace _basic
{
public class ExcelProcesser
{
    public void WriteToExcel(System.Data.DataTable dt)
    {
        Excel.Application XlObj = new Excel.Application();
        XlObj.Visible = false;
        Excel._Workbook WbObj = (Excel.Workbook)(XlObj.Workbooks.Add(""));
        Excel._Worksheet WsObj = (Excel.Worksheet)WbObj.ActiveSheet;
        object misValue = System.Reflection.Missing.Value;


        try
        {
            int row = 1; int col = 1;
            foreach (DataColumn column in dt.Columns)
            {
                //adding columns
                WsObj.Cells[row, col] = column.ColumnName;
                col++;
            }
            //reset column and row variables
            col = 1;
            row++;
            for (int i = 0; i < dt.Rows.Count; i++)
            {
                //adding data
                foreach (var cell in dt.Rows[i].ItemArray)
                {
                    WsObj.Cells[row, col] = cell;
                    col++;
                }
                col = 1;
                row++;
            }
            WbObj.SaveAs(fileFullName, Excel.XlFileFormat.xlWorkbookNormal, misValue, misValue, misValue, misValue, Excel.XlSaveAsAccessMode.xlExclusive, misValue, misValue, misValue, misValue, misValue);
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            WbObj.Close(true, misValue, misValue);
        }
    }
}

}

0
Malek Tubaisaht

Eine Möglichkeit wäre es auch mit ACE OLEDB Provider (siehe auch Verbindungszeichenfolgen für Excel ). Natürlich müsste der Provider installiert und registriert sein. Sie sollten es haben, wenn Sie Excel installiert haben. Dies ist jedoch zu beachten, wenn Sie die App bereitstellen. 

Dies ist das Beispiel des Aufrufs der Hilfsmethode von ExportHelper: ExportHelper.CreateXlsFromDataTable(myDataTable, @"C:\tmp\export.xls");

Der Helfer für den Export in eine Excel-Datei mit ACE OLEDB:

public class ExportHelper
{
    private const string ExcelOleDbConnectionStringTemplate = "Provider=Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0;Data Source={0};Extended Properties=\"Excel 8.0;HDR=YES\";";

    /// <summary>
    /// Creates the Excel file from items in DataTable and writes them to specified output file.
    /// </summary>
    public static void CreateXlsFromDataTable(DataTable dataTable, string fullFilePath)
    {
        string createTableWithHeaderScript = GenerateCreateTableCommand(dataTable);

        using (var conn = new OleDbConnection(String.Format(ExcelOleDbConnectionStringTemplate, fullFilePath)))
        {
            if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
            {
                conn.Open();
            }

            OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand(createTableWithHeaderScript, conn);
            cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

            foreach (DataRow dataExportRow in dataTable.Rows)
            {
                AddNewRow(conn, dataExportRow);
            }
        }
    }

    private static void AddNewRow(OleDbConnection conn, DataRow dataRow)
    {
        string insertCmd = GenerateInsertRowCommand(dataRow);

        using (OleDbCommand cmd = new OleDbCommand(insertCmd, conn))
        {
            AddParametersWithValue(cmd, dataRow);
            cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Generates the insert row command.
    /// </summary>
    private static string GenerateInsertRowCommand(DataRow dataRow)
    {
        var stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        var columns = dataRow.Table.Columns.Cast<DataColumn>().ToList();
        var columnNamesCommaSeparated = string.Join(",", columns.Select(x => x.Caption));
        var questionmarkCommaSeparated = string.Join(",", columns.Select(x => "?"));

        stringBuilder.AppendFormat("INSERT INTO [{0}] (", dataRow.Table.TableName);
        stringBuilder.Append(columnNamesCommaSeparated);
        stringBuilder.Append(") VALUES(");
        stringBuilder.Append(questionmarkCommaSeparated);
        stringBuilder.Append(")");
        return stringBuilder.ToString();
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Adds the parameters with value.
    /// </summary>
    private static void AddParametersWithValue(OleDbCommand cmd, DataRow dataRow)
    {
        var paramNumber = 1;

        for (int i = 0; i <= dataRow.Table.Columns.Count - 1; i++)
        {
            if (!ReferenceEquals(dataRow.Table.Columns[i].DataType, typeof(int)) && !ReferenceEquals(dataRow.Table.Columns[i].DataType, typeof(decimal)))
            {
                cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@p" + paramNumber, dataRow[i].ToString().Replace("'", "''"));
            }
            else
            {
                object value = GetParameterValue(dataRow[i]);
                OleDbParameter parameter = cmd.Parameters.AddWithValue("@p" + paramNumber, value);
                if (value is decimal)
                {
                    parameter.OleDbType = OleDbType.Currency;
                }
            }

            paramNumber = paramNumber + 1;
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the formatted value for the OleDbParameter.
    /// </summary>
    private static object GetParameterValue(object value)
    {
        if (value is string)
        {
            return value.ToString().Replace("'", "''");
        }
        return value;
    }

    private static string GenerateCreateTableCommand(DataTable tableDefination)
    {
        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();
        bool firstcol = true;

        stringBuilder.AppendFormat("CREATE TABLE [{0}] (", tableDefination.TableName);

        foreach (DataColumn tableColumn in tableDefination.Columns)
        {
            if (!firstcol)
            {
                stringBuilder.Append(", ");
            }
            firstcol = false;

            string columnDataType = "CHAR(255)";

            switch (tableColumn.DataType.Name)
            {
                case "String":
                    columnDataType = "CHAR(255)";
                    break;
                case "Int32":
                    columnDataType = "INTEGER";
                    break;
                case "Decimal":
                    // Use currency instead of decimal because of bug described at 
                    // http://social.msdn.Microsoft.com/Forums/vstudio/en-US/5d6248a5-ef00-4f46-be9d-853207656bcc/localization-trouble-with-oledbparameter-and-decimal?forum=csharpgeneral
                    columnDataType = "CURRENCY";
                    break;
            }

            stringBuilder.AppendFormat("{0} {1}", tableColumn.ColumnName, columnDataType);
        }
        stringBuilder.Append(")");

        return stringBuilder.ToString();
    }
}
0
the berserker

In Bezug auf die Antwort von tuncalik , die großartig ist, vor allem, wenn Sie etwas mit dem Code spielen wollen :), aber meine Daten werden im amerikanischen Format in Excel gespeichert. 03/2014 aber in den USA 03/02/2014 mit dem 1. Monat, dann Wochentag danach. Ich muss es im UK-Format haben, irgendwelche Ideen bitte?

Ich habe geprüft, dass es in meiner DataTable im UK-Format gespeichert ist. Mein Excel ist ebenfalls auf UK gesetzt. Wenn das Excel-Dokument jedoch erstellt wird, meint es seine USA.

Ich werde versuchen, mit Kulturcodes zu experimentieren, aber ich weiß nicht, wo ich das noch setzen sollte. Versucht aber das hatte keine Wirkung.

p.s.

Ich musste eine Zeile ändern, um sie zum Laufen zu bringen, indem ich unten einen 'Cast' hinzufügte

// single worksheet
Excel._Worksheet workSheet = (Excel._Worksheet)excelApp.ActiveSheet;

Update: Ich habe die Datumsformatierung in Großbritannien erreicht, indem ich in das LongDateTime-Format konvertiert habe. Dies ist jedoch nur eine Umgehungsmöglichkeit.

DateTime startDate = Convert.ToDateTime(myList[0].ToString());
string strStartDate = startDate.ToLongDateString();
DateTime endDate = Convert.ToDateTime(myList[myListTotalRows].ToString());
string strEndDate = endDate.ToLongDateString();    

prost.

0
FlashTrev