wake-up-neo.com

Verwenden der AES-Verschlüsselung in C #

Ich kann anscheinend kein sauberes Beispiel für die Verwendung der 128-Bit-AES-Verschlüsselung finden.

Hat jemand einen Beispielcode?

118
YOYO

Wenn Sie nur den integrierten Kryptoanbieter RijndaelManaged verwenden möchten, lesen Sie den folgenden Hilfeartikel (es gibt auch ein einfaches Codebeispiel):

http://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.rijndaelmanaged.aspx

Und für den Fall, dass Sie die Probe in Eile brauchen, hier ist sie in ihrer ganzen Pracht:

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace RijndaelManaged_Example
{
    class RijndaelExample
    {
        public static void Main()
        {
            try
            {

                string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";

                // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged 
                // class.  This generates a new key and initialization  
                // vector (IV). 
                using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged())
                {

                    myRijndael.GenerateKey();
                    myRijndael.GenerateIV();
                    // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes. 
                    byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    // Decrypt the bytes to a string. 
                    string roundtrip = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                    //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                    Console.WriteLine("Original:   {0}", original);
                    Console.WriteLine("Round Trip: {0}", roundtrip);
                }

            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e.Message);
            }
        }
        static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments. 
            if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");
            byte[] encrypted;
            // Create an RijndaelManaged object 
            // with the specified key and IV. 
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for encryption. 
                using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                        {

                            //Write all data to the stream.
                            swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                        }
                        encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray();
                    }
                }
            }


            // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream. 
            return encrypted;

        }

        static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
        {
            // Check arguments. 
            if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
            if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
            if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("IV");

            // Declare the string used to hold 
            // the decrypted text. 
            string plaintext = null;

            // Create an RijndaelManaged object 
            // with the specified key and IV. 
            using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                rijAlg.Key = Key;
                rijAlg.IV = IV;

                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

                // Create the streams used for decryption. 
                using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText))
                {
                    using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))
                        {

                            // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream 
                            // and place them in a string.
                            plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                        }
                    }
                }

            }

            return plaintext;

        }
    }
}
143
Dan Esparza

Vor kurzem musste ich mich in meinem eigenen Projekt erneut damit auseinandersetzen - und wollte den etwas einfacheren Code, den ich verwendet habe, mit anderen teilen, da diese Frage und diese Reihe von Antworten bei meinen Suchen immer wieder auftauchten.

Ich werde nicht auf die Sicherheitsbedenken eingehen, wie oft Dinge wie Ihr Salt und Initialisierungsvektor aktualisiert werden sollen - das ist ein Thema für ein Sicherheitsforum, und es gibt einige großartige Ressourcen, die man sich ansehen kann. Dies ist einfach ein Codeblock zum Implementieren von AesManaged in C #.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

namespace Your.Namespace.Security {
    public static class Cryptography {
        #region Settings

        private static int _iterations = 2;
        private static int _keySize = 256;

        private static string _hash     = "SHA1";
        private static string _salt     = "aselrias38490a32"; // Random
        private static string _vector   = "8947az34awl34kjq"; // Random

        #endregion

        public static string Encrypt(string value, string password) {
            return Encrypt<AesManaged>(value, password);
        }
        public static string Encrypt<T>(string value, string password) 
                where T : SymmetricAlgorithm, new() {
            byte[] vectorBytes = GetBytes<ASCIIEncoding>(_vector);
            byte[] saltBytes = GetBytes<ASCIIEncoding>(_salt);
            byte[] valueBytes = GetBytes<UTF8Encoding>(value);

            byte[] encrypted;
            using (T cipher = new T()) {
                PasswordDeriveBytes _passwordBytes = 
                    new PasswordDeriveBytes(password, saltBytes, _hash, _iterations);
                byte[] keyBytes = _passwordBytes.GetBytes(_keySize / 8);

                cipher.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;

                using (ICryptoTransform encryptor = cipher.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, vectorBytes)) {
                    using (MemoryStream to = new MemoryStream()) {
                        using (CryptoStream writer = new CryptoStream(to, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write)) {
                            writer.Write(valueBytes, 0, valueBytes.Length);
                            writer.FlushFinalBlock();
                            encrypted = to.ToArray();
                        }
                    }
                }
                cipher.Clear();
            }
            return Convert.ToBase64String(encrypted);
        }

        public static string Decrypt(string value, string password) {
            return Decrypt<AesManaged>(value, password);
        }
        public static string Decrypt<T>(string value, string password) where T : SymmetricAlgorithm, new() {
            byte[] vectorBytes = GetBytes<ASCIIEncoding>(_vector);
            byte[] saltBytes = GetBytes<ASCIIEncoding>(_salt);
            byte[] valueBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(value);

            byte[] decrypted;
            int decryptedByteCount = 0;

            using (T cipher = new T()) {
                PasswordDeriveBytes _passwordBytes = new PasswordDeriveBytes(password, saltBytes, _hash, _iterations);
                byte[] keyBytes = _passwordBytes.GetBytes(_keySize / 8);

                cipher.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;

                try {
                    using (ICryptoTransform decryptor = cipher.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, vectorBytes)) {
                        using (MemoryStream from = new MemoryStream(valueBytes)) {
                            using (CryptoStream reader = new CryptoStream(from, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read)) {
                                decrypted = new byte[valueBytes.Length];
                                decryptedByteCount = reader.Read(decrypted, 0, decrypted.Length);
                            }
                        }
                    }
                } catch (Exception ex) {
                    return String.Empty;
                }

                cipher.Clear();
            }
            return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(decrypted, 0, decryptedByteCount);
        }

    }
}

Der Code ist sehr einfach zu bedienen. Es erfordert buchstäblich nur Folgendes:

string encrypted = Cryptography.Encrypt(data, "testpass");
string decrypted = Cryptography.Decrypt(encrypted, "testpass");

Standardmäßig verwendet die Implementierung AesManaged. Sie können jedoch auch jedes andere SymmetricAlgorithm einfügen. Eine Liste der verfügbaren SymmetricAlgorithm -Erbitoren für .NET 4.5 finden Sie unter:

http://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.symmetricalgorithm.aspx

Zum Zeitpunkt dieses Beitrags enthält die aktuelle Liste:

  • AesManaged
  • RijndaelManaged
  • DESCryptoServiceProvider
  • RC2CryptoServiceProvider
  • TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider

Um RijndaelManaged mit dem obigen Code als Beispiel zu verwenden, würden Sie Folgendes verwenden:

string encrypted = Cryptography.Encrypt<RijndaelManaged>(dataToEncrypt, password);
string decrypted = Cryptography.Decrypt<RijndaelManaged>(encrypted, password);

Ich hoffe, das ist jemandem da draußen hilfreich.

54
Troy Alford

Schauen Sie sich das Beispiel hier an.

http://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.rijndaelmanaged (v = VS.100) .aspx # Y2262

Das Beispiel auf MSDN wird nicht normal ausgeführt (ein Fehler tritt auf), da kein Anfangswert von Initial Vector ( iv) und Taste . Ich füge 2 Zeilen Code hinzu und arbeite jetzt normal.

Weitere Details siehe unten:

using System.Windows.Forms;
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace AES_TESTER
{
   public partial class Form1 : Form
   {
       public Form1()
       {
          InitializeComponent();
       }

       private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
       {
          try
          {

            string original = "Here is some data to encrypt!";
            MessageBox.Show("Original:   " + original);

            // Create a new instance of the RijndaelManaged
            // class.  This generates a new key and initialization 
            // vector (IV).
            using (RijndaelManaged myRijndael = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                 myRijndael.GenerateKey();
                 myRijndael.GenerateIV();

                // Encrypt the string to an array of bytes.
                byte[] encrypted = EncryptStringToBytes(original, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                StringBuilder s = new StringBuilder();
                foreach (byte item in encrypted)
                {
                   s.Append(item.ToString("X2") + " ");
                }
                MessageBox.Show("Encrypted:   " + s);

                // Decrypt the bytes to a string.
                string decrypted = DecryptStringFromBytes(encrypted, myRijndael.Key, myRijndael.IV);

                //Display the original data and the decrypted data.
                MessageBox.Show("Decrypted:    " + decrypted);
            }

        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("Error: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
    }

    static byte[] EncryptStringToBytes(string plainText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
        byte[] encrypted;
        // Create an RijndaelManaged object
        // with the specified key and IV.
        using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
        {
            rijAlg.Key = Key;
            rijAlg.IV = IV;
            rijAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            rijAlg.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros;

            // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = rijAlg.CreateEncryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                    {

                        //Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                    }
                    encrypted = msEncrypt.ToArray();
                }
            }
        }


        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return encrypted;

    }

    static string DecryptStringFromBytes(byte[] cipherText, byte[] Key, byte[] IV)
    {
        // Check arguments.
        if (cipherText == null || cipherText.Length <= 0)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (Key == null || Key.Length <= 0)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");
        if (IV == null || IV.Length <= 0)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        string plaintext = null;

        // Create an RijndaelManaged object
        // with the specified key and IV.
        using (RijndaelManaged rijAlg = new RijndaelManaged())
        {
            rijAlg.Key = Key;
            rijAlg.IV = IV;
            rijAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            rijAlg.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros;

            // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform decryptor = rijAlg.CreateDecryptor(rijAlg.Key, rijAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.
            using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(cipherText))
            {
                using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                {
                    using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))
                    {

                        // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        // and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                    }
                }
            }

        }

        return plaintext;
     }
   }
}
13
Javanese Girl

Verwenden Sie AES oder implementieren Sie AES? Für die Verwendung von AES gibt es die Klasse System.Security.Cryptography.RijndaelManaged.

9
DCNYAM
//Code to encrypt Data :   
 public byte[] encryptdata(byte[] bytearraytoencrypt, string key, string iv)  
         {  
           AesCryptoServiceProvider dataencrypt = new AesCryptoServiceProvider();  
           //Block size : Gets or sets the block size, in bits, of the cryptographic operation.  
           dataencrypt.BlockSize = 128;  
           //KeySize: Gets or sets the size, in bits, of the secret key  
           dataencrypt.KeySize = 128;  
           //Key: Gets or sets the symmetric key that is used for encryption and decryption.  
           dataencrypt.Key = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);  
           //IV : Gets or sets the initialization vector (IV) for the symmetric algorithm  
           dataencrypt.IV = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(iv);  
           //Padding: Gets or sets the padding mode used in the symmetric algorithm  
           dataencrypt.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;  
           //Mode: Gets or sets the mode for operation of the symmetric algorithm  
           dataencrypt.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;  
           //Creates a symmetric AES encryptor object using the current key and initialization vector (IV).  
           ICryptoTransform crypto1 = dataencrypt.CreateEncryptor(dataencrypt.Key, dataencrypt.IV);  
           //TransformFinalBlock is a special function for transforming the last block or a partial block in the stream.   
           //It returns a new array that contains the remaining transformed bytes. A new array is returned, because the amount of   
           //information returned at the end might be larger than a single block when padding is added.  
           byte[] encrypteddata = crypto1.TransformFinalBlock(bytearraytoencrypt, 0, bytearraytoencrypt.Length);  
           crypto1.Dispose();  
           //return the encrypted data  
           return encrypteddata;  
         }  

//code to decrypt data
    private byte[] decryptdata(byte[] bytearraytodecrypt, string key, string iv)  
     {  

       AesCryptoServiceProvider keydecrypt = new AesCryptoServiceProvider();  
       keydecrypt.BlockSize = 128;  
       keydecrypt.KeySize = 128;  
       keydecrypt.Key = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);  
       keydecrypt.IV = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(iv);  
       keydecrypt.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;  
       keydecrypt.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;  
       ICryptoTransform crypto1 = keydecrypt.CreateDecryptor(keydecrypt.Key, keydecrypt.IV);  

       byte[] returnbytearray = crypto1.TransformFinalBlock(bytearraytodecrypt, 0, bytearraytodecrypt.Length);  
       crypto1.Dispose();  
       return returnbytearray;  
     }
8
siddharth

Ein vollständigeres Beispiel, das zusätzlich zur AES-Verschlüsselung eine Schlüsselableitung durchführt, finden Sie in der Antwort und den Links unter So funktioniert die AES-Verschlüsselung mit Javascript und C # .

[~ # ~] edit [~ # ~]
eine Randnotiz: Javascript-Kryptographie gilt als schädlich. Lohnt sich zu lesen.

8
Cheeso

http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/769741/Csharp-AES-bits-Encryption-Library-with-Salt

using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;

public byte[] AES_Encrypt(byte[] bytesToBeEncrypted, byte[] passwordBytes)
{
    byte[] encryptedBytes = null;
    byte[] saltBytes = new byte[] { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 };
    using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (RijndaelManaged AES = new RijndaelManaged())
        {
            AES.KeySize = 256;
            AES.BlockSize = 128;
            var key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passwordBytes, saltBytes, 1000);
            AES.Key = key.GetBytes(AES.KeySize / 8);
            AES.IV = key.GetBytes(AES.BlockSize / 8);
            AES.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, AES.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(bytesToBeEncrypted, 0, bytesToBeEncrypted.Length);
                cs.Close();
            }
            encryptedBytes = ms.ToArray();
        }
    }
    return encryptedBytes;
}

public byte[] AES_Decrypt(byte[] bytesToBeDecrypted, byte[] passwordBytes)
{
    byte[] decryptedBytes = null;
    byte[] saltBytes = new byte[] { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 };
    using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (RijndaelManaged AES = new RijndaelManaged())
        {
            AES.KeySize = 256;
            AES.BlockSize = 128;
            var key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passwordBytes, saltBytes, 1000);
            AES.Key = key.GetBytes(AES.KeySize / 8);
            AES.IV = key.GetBytes(AES.BlockSize / 8);
            AES.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, AES.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(bytesToBeDecrypted, 0, bytesToBeDecrypted.Length);
                cs.Close();
            }
            decryptedBytes = ms.ToArray();
        }
    }
    return decryptedBytes;
}
5
ARTAGE

Versuchen Sie diesen Code, vielleicht nützlich.
1.Erstellen Sie ein neues C # -Projekt und fügen Sie Form1 den folgenden Code hinzu:

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

namespace ExampleCrypto
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            string strOriginalData = string.Empty;
            string strEncryptedData = string.Empty;
            string strDecryptedData = string.Empty;

            strOriginalData = "this is original data 1234567890"; // your original data in here
            MessageBox.Show("ORIGINAL DATA:\r\n" + strOriginalData);

            clsCrypto aes = new clsCrypto();
            aes.IV = "this is your IV";     // your IV
            aes.KEY = "this is your KEY";    // your KEY      
            strEncryptedData = aes.Encrypt(strOriginalData, CipherMode.CBC);    // your cipher mode
            MessageBox.Show("ENCRYPTED DATA:\r\n" + strEncryptedData);

            strDecryptedData = aes.Decrypt(strEncryptedData, CipherMode.CBC);
            MessageBox.Show("DECRYPTED DATA:\r\n" + strDecryptedData);
        }

    }
}

2.Erstellen Sie clsCrypto.cs und kopieren Sie den folgenden Code in Ihre Klasse und führen Sie den Code aus. Ich habe MD5 verwendet, um Initial Vector (IV) und KEY of AES zu generieren.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.IO;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Metadata.W3cXsd2001;

namespace ExampleCrypto
{
    public class clsCrypto
    {
        private string _KEY = string.Empty;
        protected internal string KEY
        {
            get
            {
                return _KEY;
            }
            set
            {
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(value))
                {
                    _KEY = value;
                }
            }
        }

        private string _IV = string.Empty;
        protected internal string IV
        {
            get
            {
                return _IV;
            }
            set
            {
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(value))
                {
                    _IV = value;
                }
            }
        }

        private string CalcMD5(string strInput)
        {
            string strOutput = string.Empty;
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput))
            {
                try
                {
                    StringBuilder strHex = new StringBuilder();
                    using (MD5 md5 = MD5.Create())
                    {
                        byte[] bytArText = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strInput);
                        byte[] bytArHash = md5.ComputeHash(bytArText);
                        for (int i = 0; i < bytArHash.Length; i++)
                        {
                            strHex.Append(bytArHash[i].ToString("X2"));
                        }
                        strOutput = strHex.ToString();
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
                }
            }
            return strOutput;
        }

        private byte[] GetBytesFromHexString(string strInput)
        {
            byte[] bytArOutput = new byte[] { };
            if ((!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput)) && strInput.Length % 2 == 0)
            {
                SoapHexBinary hexBinary = null;
                try
                {
                    hexBinary = SoapHexBinary.Parse(strInput);
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
                }
                bytArOutput = hexBinary.Value;
            }
            return bytArOutput;
        }

        private byte[] GenerateIV()
        {
            byte[] bytArOutput = new byte[] { };
            try
            {
                string strIV = CalcMD5(IV);
                bytArOutput = GetBytesFromHexString(strIV);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
            }
            return bytArOutput;
        }

        private byte[] GenerateKey()
        {
            byte[] bytArOutput = new byte[] { };
            try
            {
                string strKey = CalcMD5(KEY);
                bytArOutput = GetBytesFromHexString(strKey);
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
            }
            return bytArOutput;
        }

        protected internal string Encrypt(string strInput, CipherMode cipherMode)
        {
            string strOutput = string.Empty;
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput))
            {
                try
                {
                    byte[] bytePlainText = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strInput);
                    using (RijndaelManaged rijManaged = new RijndaelManaged())
                    {
                        rijManaged.Mode = cipherMode;
                        rijManaged.BlockSize = 128;
                        rijManaged.KeySize = 128;
                        rijManaged.IV = GenerateIV();
                        rijManaged.Key = GenerateKey();
                        rijManaged.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros;
                        ICryptoTransform icpoTransform = rijManaged.CreateEncryptor(rijManaged.Key, rijManaged.IV);
                        using (MemoryStream memStream = new MemoryStream())
                        {
                            using (CryptoStream cpoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, icpoTransform, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                            {
                                cpoStream.Write(bytePlainText, 0, bytePlainText.Length);
                                cpoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
                            }
                            strOutput = Encoding.Default.GetString(memStream.ToArray());
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
                }
            }
            return strOutput;
        }

        protected internal string Decrypt(string strInput, CipherMode cipherMode)
        {
            string strOutput = string.Empty;
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(strInput))
            {
                try
                {
                    byte[] byteCipherText = Encoding.Default.GetBytes(strInput);
                    byte[] byteBuffer = new byte[strInput.Length];
                    using (RijndaelManaged rijManaged = new RijndaelManaged())
                    {
                        rijManaged.Mode = cipherMode;
                        rijManaged.BlockSize = 128;
                        rijManaged.KeySize = 128;
                        rijManaged.IV = GenerateIV();
                        rijManaged.Key = GenerateKey();
                        rijManaged.Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros;
                        ICryptoTransform icpoTransform = rijManaged.CreateDecryptor(rijManaged.Key, rijManaged.IV);
                        using (MemoryStream memStream = new MemoryStream(byteCipherText))
                        {
                            using (CryptoStream cpoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, icpoTransform, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                            {
                                cpoStream.Read(byteBuffer, 0, byteBuffer.Length);
                            }
                            strOutput = Encoding.Default.GetString(byteBuffer);
                        }
                    }
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message);
                }
            }
            return strOutput;
        }

    }
}
4
YD4

Sie können ein Passwort aus einem Textfeld wie einem Schlüssel verwenden ... Mit diesem Code können Sie Text, Bilder, Word-Dokumente, PDFs ... verschlüsseln/entschlüsseln.

 public class Rijndael
{
    private byte[] key;
    private readonly byte[] vector = { 255, 64, 191, 111, 23, 3, 113, 119, 231, 121, 252, 112, 79, 32, 114, 156 };

    ICryptoTransform EnkValue, DekValue;

    public Rijndael(byte[] key)
    {
        this.key = key;
        RijndaelManaged rm = new RijndaelManaged();
        rm.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
        EnkValue = rm.CreateEncryptor(key, vector);
        DekValue = rm.CreateDecryptor(key, vector);
    }

    public byte[] Encrypt(byte[] byte)
    {

        byte[] enkByte= byte;
        byte[] enkNewByte;
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, EnkValue, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(enkByte, 0, enkByte.Length);
                cs.FlushFinalBlock();

                ms.Position = 0;
                enkNewByte= new byte[ms.Length];
                ms.Read(enkNewByte, 0, enkNewByte.Length);
            }
        }
        return enkNeyByte;
    }

    public byte[] Dekrypt(byte[] enkByte)
    {
        byte[] dekByte;
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, DekValue, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(enkByte, 0, enkByte.Length);
                cs.FlushFinalBlock();

                ms.Position = 0;
                dekByte= new byte[ms.Length];
                ms.Read(dekByte, 0, dekByte.Length);
            }
        }
        return dekByte;
    }
}

Passwort vom Textfeld in Byte-Array konvertieren ...

private byte[] ConvertPasswordToByte(string password)
    {
        byte[] key = new byte[32];
        for (int i = 0; i < passwprd.Length; i++)
        {
            key[i] = Convert.ToByte(passwprd[i]);
        }
        return key;
    }
2
0xEE00

hier ist ein übersichtlicher Code zum Verständnis des AES 256-Algorithmus, der in der C # -Aufrufverschlüsselungsfunktion als encryptedstring = cryptObj.Encrypt(username, "AGARAMUDHALA", "EZHUTHELLAM", "SHA1", 3, "@1B2c3D4e5F6g7H8", 256); implementiert ist.

public class Crypt
{
    public string Encrypt(string passtext, string passPhrase, string saltV, string hashstring, int Iterations, string initVect, int keysize)
    {
        string functionReturnValue = null;
        // Convert strings into byte arrays.
        // Let us assume that strings only contain ASCII codes.
        // If strings include Unicode characters, use Unicode, UTF7, or UTF8
        // encoding.
        byte[] initVectorBytes = null;
        initVectorBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(initVect);
        byte[] saltValueBytes = null;
        saltValueBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(saltV);

        // Convert our plaintext into a byte array.
        // Let us assume that plaintext contains UTF8-encoded characters.
        byte[] plainTextBytes = null;
        plainTextBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(passtext);
        // First, we must create a password, from which the key will be derived.
        // This password will be generated from the specified passphrase and
        // salt value. The password will be created using the specified hash
        // algorithm. Password creation can be done in several iterations.
        PasswordDeriveBytes password = default(PasswordDeriveBytes);
        password = new PasswordDeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltValueBytes, hashstring, Iterations);
        // Use the password to generate pseudo-random bytes for the encryption
        // key. Specify the size of the key in bytes (instead of bits).
        byte[] keyBytes = null;
        keyBytes = password.GetBytes(keysize/8);
        // Create uninitialized Rijndael encryption object.
        RijndaelManaged symmetricKey = default(RijndaelManaged);
        symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged();

        // It is reasonable to set encryption mode to Cipher Block Chaining
        // (CBC). Use default options for other symmetric key parameters.
        symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
        // Generate encryptor from the existing key bytes and initialization
        // vector. Key size will be defined based on the number of the key
        // bytes.
        ICryptoTransform encryptor = default(ICryptoTransform);
        encryptor = symmetricKey.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, initVectorBytes);

        // Define memory stream which will be used to hold encrypted data.
        MemoryStream memoryStream = default(MemoryStream);
        memoryStream = new MemoryStream();

        // Define cryptographic stream (always use Write mode for encryption).
        CryptoStream cryptoStream = default(CryptoStream);
        cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
        // Start encrypting.
        cryptoStream.Write(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);

        // Finish encrypting.
        cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
        // Convert our encrypted data from a memory stream into a byte array.
        byte[] cipherTextBytes = null;
        cipherTextBytes = memoryStream.ToArray();

        // Close both streams.
        memoryStream.Close();
        cryptoStream.Close();

        // Convert encrypted data into a base64-encoded string.
        string cipherText = null;
        cipherText = Convert.ToBase64String(cipherTextBytes);

        functionReturnValue = cipherText;
        return functionReturnValue;
    }
    public string Decrypt(string cipherText, string passPhrase, string saltValue, string hashAlgorithm, int passwordIterations, string initVector, int keySize)
    {
        string functionReturnValue = null;

        // Convert strings defining encryption key characteristics into byte
        // arrays. Let us assume that strings only contain ASCII codes.
        // If strings include Unicode characters, use Unicode, UTF7, or UTF8
        // encoding.


            byte[] initVectorBytes = null;
            initVectorBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(initVector);

            byte[] saltValueBytes = null;
            saltValueBytes = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(saltValue);

            // Convert our ciphertext into a byte array.
            byte[] cipherTextBytes = null;
            cipherTextBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);

            // First, we must create a password, from which the key will be
            // derived. This password will be generated from the specified
            // passphrase and salt value. The password will be created using
            // the specified hash algorithm. Password creation can be done in
            // several iterations.
            PasswordDeriveBytes password = default(PasswordDeriveBytes);
            password = new PasswordDeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltValueBytes, hashAlgorithm, passwordIterations);

            // Use the password to generate pseudo-random bytes for the encryption
            // key. Specify the size of the key in bytes (instead of bits).
            byte[] keyBytes = null;
            keyBytes = password.GetBytes(keySize / 8);

            // Create uninitialized Rijndael encryption object.
            RijndaelManaged symmetricKey = default(RijndaelManaged);
            symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged();

            // It is reasonable to set encryption mode to Cipher Block Chaining
            // (CBC). Use default options for other symmetric key parameters.
            symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;

            // Generate decryptor from the existing key bytes and initialization
            // vector. Key size will be defined based on the number of the key
            // bytes.
            ICryptoTransform decryptor = default(ICryptoTransform);
            decryptor = symmetricKey.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, initVectorBytes);

            // Define memory stream which will be used to hold encrypted data.
            MemoryStream memoryStream = default(MemoryStream);
            memoryStream = new MemoryStream(cipherTextBytes);

            // Define memory stream which will be used to hold encrypted data.
            CryptoStream cryptoStream = default(CryptoStream);
            cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read);

            // Since at this point we don't know what the size of decrypted data
            // will be, allocate the buffer long enough to hold ciphertext;
            // plaintext is never longer than ciphertext.
            byte[] plainTextBytes = null;
            plainTextBytes = new byte[cipherTextBytes.Length + 1];

            // Start decrypting.
            int decryptedByteCount = 0;
            decryptedByteCount = cryptoStream.Read(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);

            // Close both streams.
            memoryStream.Close();
            cryptoStream.Close();

            // Convert decrypted data into a string.
            // Let us assume that the original plaintext string was UTF8-encoded.
            string plainText = null;
            plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainTextBytes, 0, decryptedByteCount);

            // Return decrypted string.
            functionReturnValue = plainText;


        return functionReturnValue;
    }
}
2
Zeeshan Amber