wake-up-neo.com

Simple Swift Color Picker Popover (iOS)

Gibt es eine einfache Möglichkeit, ein Farbwähler-Popover in kürzester Zeit zu implementieren? Gibt es integrierte Bibliotheken oder UI-Elemente, die ich für diesen Zweck nutzen könnte? Ich habe einige Farbwähler in Objective-C gesehen, aber sie waren mehrere Jahre alt und ich habe mich gefragt, ob es etwas Neueres gibt.

33
Ethan Strider

Hier ist eine, die ich gemacht habe und die so einfach wie möglich ist. Es ist nur eine einfache UIView, mit der Sie die Elementgröße angeben können, falls Sie blockierte Bereiche wünschen (elementSize> 1). Es zeichnet sich selbst im Interface Builder, so dass Sie die Elementgröße festlegen und die Konsequenzen sehen können. Setzen Sie einfach eine Ihrer Ansichten im Interface Builder auf diese Klasse und setzen Sie sich dann als Delegaten. Es wird Ihnen mitteilen, wenn jemand darauf und auf die Uicolor an dieser Stelle tippt oder daran zieht. Es wird sich selbst an seine Grenzen ziehen und es gibt keine Notwendigkeit für etwas anderes als diese Klasse, kein Bild erforderlich.

Elementgröße = 1 (Standard) element size=1

Elementgröße = 10
element size=10

internal protocol HSBColorPickerDelegate : NSObjectProtocol {
    func HSBColorColorPickerTouched(sender:HSBColorPicker, color:UIColor, point:CGPoint, state:UIGestureRecognizerState)
}

@IBDesignable
class HSBColorPicker : UIView {

    weak internal var delegate: HSBColorPickerDelegate?
    let saturationExponentTop:Float = 2.0
    let saturationExponentBottom:Float = 1.3

    @IBInspectable var elementSize: CGFloat = 1.0 {
        didSet {
            setNeedsDisplay()
        }
    }

    private func initialize() {
        self.clipsToBounds = true
        let touchGesture = UILongPressGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: #selector(self.touchedColor(gestureRecognizer:)))
        touchGesture.minimumPressDuration = 0
        touchGesture.allowableMovement = CGFloat.greatestFiniteMagnitude
        self.addGestureRecognizer(touchGesture)
    }

   override init(frame: CGRect) {
        super.init(frame: frame)
        initialize()
    }

    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        super.init(coder: aDecoder)
        initialize()
    }

    override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {
        let context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()
        for y : CGFloat in stride(from: 0.0 ,to: rect.height, by: elementSize) {
            var saturation = y < rect.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(2 * y) / rect.height : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect.height - y) / rect.height
            saturation = CGFloat(powf(Float(saturation), y < rect.height / 2.0 ? saturationExponentTop : saturationExponentBottom))
            let brightness = y < rect.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(1.0) : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect.height - y) / rect.height
            for x : CGFloat in stride(from: 0.0 ,to: rect.width, by: elementSize) {
                let hue = x / rect.width
                let color = UIColor(hue: hue, saturation: saturation, brightness: brightness, alpha: 1.0)
                context!.setFillColor(color.cgColor)
                context!.fill(CGRect(x:x, y:y, width:elementSize,height:elementSize))
            }
        }
    }

    func getColorAtPoint(point:CGPoint) -> UIColor {
        let roundedPoint = CGPoint(x:elementSize * CGFloat(Int(point.x / elementSize)),
                               y:elementSize * CGFloat(Int(point.y / elementSize)))
        var saturation = roundedPoint.y < self.bounds.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(2 * roundedPoint.y) / self.bounds.height
        : 2.0 * CGFloat(self.bounds.height - roundedPoint.y) / self.bounds.height
        saturation = CGFloat(powf(Float(saturation), roundedPoint.y < self.bounds.height / 2.0 ? saturationExponentTop : saturationExponentBottom))
        let brightness = roundedPoint.y < self.bounds.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(1.0) : 2.0 * CGFloat(self.bounds.height - roundedPoint.y) / self.bounds.height
        let hue = roundedPoint.x / self.bounds.width
        return UIColor(hue: hue, saturation: saturation, brightness: brightness, alpha: 1.0)
    }

    func getPointForColor(color:UIColor) -> CGPoint {
        var hue: CGFloat = 0.0
        var saturation: CGFloat = 0.0
        var brightness: CGFloat = 0.0
        color.getHue(&hue, saturation: &saturation, brightness: &brightness, alpha: nil);

        var yPos:CGFloat = 0
        let halfHeight = (self.bounds.height / 2)
        if (brightness >= 0.99) {
            let percentageY = powf(Float(saturation), 1.0 / saturationExponentTop)
            yPos = CGFloat(percentageY) * halfHeight
        } else {
            //use brightness to get Y
            yPos = halfHeight + halfHeight * (1.0 - brightness)
        }
        let xPos = hue * self.bounds.width
        return CGPoint(x: xPos, y: yPos)
    }

    @objc func touchedColor(gestureRecognizer: UILongPressGestureRecognizer) {
        if (gestureRecognizer.state == UIGestureRecognizerState.began) {
            let point = gestureRecognizer.location(in: self)
            let color = getColorAtPoint(point: point)
            self.delegate?.HSBColorColorPickerTouched(sender: self, color: color, point: point, state:gestureRecognizer.state)
        }        
    }
}
76
Joel Teply

Ich habe einen einfachen Farbwähler-Popover in Swift geschrieben. Hoffentlich hilft es jemand anderem.

https://github.com/EthanStrider/ColorPickerExample

Image Picker Screenshot

28
Ethan Strider

Swift 3.0-Version von @ joel-teply s Antwort:

internal protocol HSBColorPickerDelegate : NSObjectProtocol {
    func HSBColorColorPickerTouched(sender:HSBColorPicker, color:UIColor, point:CGPoint, state:UIGestureRecognizerState)
}

@IBDesignable
class HSBColorPicker : UIView {

    weak internal var delegate: HSBColorPickerDelegate?
    let saturationExponentTop:Float = 2.0
    let saturationExponentBottom:Float = 1.3

    @IBInspectable var elementSize: CGFloat = 1.0 {
        didSet {
            setNeedsDisplay()
        }
    }


    private func initialize() {

        self.clipsToBounds = true
        let touchGesture = UILongPressGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: #selector(self.touchedColor(gestureRecognizer:)))
        touchGesture.minimumPressDuration = 0
        touchGesture.allowableMovement = CGFloat.greatestFiniteMagnitude
        self.addGestureRecognizer(touchGesture)
    }

    override init(frame: CGRect) {
        super.init(frame: frame)
        initialize()
    }

    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        super.init(coder: aDecoder)
        initialize()
    }

    override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {
        let context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()

        for y in stride(from: (0 as CGFloat), to: rect.height, by: elementSize) {

            var saturation = y < rect.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(2 * y) / rect.height : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect.height - y) / rect.height
            saturation = CGFloat(powf(Float(saturation), y < rect.height / 2.0 ? saturationExponentTop : saturationExponentBottom))
            let brightness = y < rect.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(1.0) : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect.height - y) / rect.height

            for x in stride(from: (0 as CGFloat), to: rect.width, by: elementSize) {
                let hue = x / rect.width
                let color = UIColor(hue: hue, saturation: saturation, brightness: brightness, alpha: 1.0)
                context!.setFillColor(color.cgColor)
                context!.fill(CGRect(x:x, y:y, width:elementSize,height:elementSize))
            }
        }
    }

    func getColorAtPoint(point:CGPoint) -> UIColor {
        let roundedPoint = CGPoint(x:elementSize * CGFloat(Int(point.x / elementSize)),
                                   y:elementSize * CGFloat(Int(point.y / elementSize)))
        var saturation = roundedPoint.y < self.bounds.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(2 * roundedPoint.y) / self.bounds.height
            : 2.0 * CGFloat(self.bounds.height - roundedPoint.y) / self.bounds.height
        saturation = CGFloat(powf(Float(saturation), roundedPoint.y < self.bounds.height / 2.0 ? saturationExponentTop : saturationExponentBottom))
        let brightness = roundedPoint.y < self.bounds.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(1.0) : 2.0 * CGFloat(self.bounds.height - roundedPoint.y) / self.bounds.height
        let hue = roundedPoint.x / self.bounds.width
        return UIColor(hue: hue, saturation: saturation, brightness: brightness, alpha: 1.0)
    }

    func getPointForColor(color:UIColor) -> CGPoint {
        var hue:CGFloat=0;
        var saturation:CGFloat=0;
        var brightness:CGFloat=0;
        color.getHue(&hue, saturation: &saturation, brightness: &brightness, alpha: nil);

        var yPos:CGFloat = 0
        let halfHeight = (self.bounds.height / 2)

        if (brightness >= 0.99) {
            let percentageY = powf(Float(saturation), 1.0 / saturationExponentTop)
            yPos = CGFloat(percentageY) * halfHeight
        } else {
            //use brightness to get Y
            yPos = halfHeight + halfHeight * (1.0 - brightness)
        }

        let xPos = hue * self.bounds.width

        return CGPoint(x: xPos, y: yPos)
    }

    func touchedColor(gestureRecognizer: UILongPressGestureRecognizer){
        let point = gestureRecognizer.location(in: self)
        let color = getColorAtPoint(point: point)

        self.delegate?.HSBColorColorPickerTouched(sender: self, color: color, point: point, state:gestureRecognizer.state)
    }
}
12
Christen Ward

Danke für den Ausgangspunkt.

Ich nahm es von dort und schrieb ein komplettes Color PickerViewController mit einem benutzerdefinierten UIView und etwas Zeichnungscode.

Ich habe das benutzerdefinierte UIView @IBDesignable so gestaltet, dass es in InterfaceBuilder gerendert werden kann.

https://github.com/Christian1313/iOS_Swift_ColorPicker

7
Christian1313

Basierend auf Joel Teply Code (Swift 4), mit grauem Balken oben:

import UIKit


class ColorPickerView : UIView {

var onColorDidChange: ((_ color: UIColor) -> ())?

let saturationExponentTop:Float = 2.0
let saturationExponentBottom:Float = 1.3

let grayPaletteHeightFactor: CGFloat = 0.1
var rect_grayPalette = CGRect.zero
var rect_mainPalette = CGRect.zero

// adjustable
var elementSize: CGFloat = 1.0 {
    didSet {
        setNeedsDisplay()
    }
}

override init(frame: CGRect) {
    super.init(frame: frame)
    setup()
}

required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
    super.init(coder: aDecoder)
    setup()
}

private func setup() {

    self.clipsToBounds = true
    let touchGesture = UILongPressGestureRecognizer(target: self, action: #selector(self.touchedColor(gestureRecognizer:)))
    touchGesture.minimumPressDuration = 0
    touchGesture.allowableMovement = CGFloat.greatestFiniteMagnitude
    self.addGestureRecognizer(touchGesture)
}



override func draw(_ rect: CGRect) {
    let context = UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()

    rect_grayPalette = CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: rect.width, height: rect.height * grayPaletteHeightFactor)
    rect_mainPalette = CGRect(x: 0, y: rect_grayPalette.maxY,
                              width: rect.width, height: rect.height - rect_grayPalette.height)

    // gray palette
    for y in stride(from: CGFloat(0), to: rect_grayPalette.height, by: elementSize) {

        for x in stride(from: (0 as CGFloat), to: rect_grayPalette.width, by: elementSize) {
            let hue = x / rect_grayPalette.width

            let color = UIColor(white: hue, alpha: 1.0)

            context!.setFillColor(color.cgColor)
            context!.fill(CGRect(x:x, y:y, width:elementSize, height:elementSize))
        }
    }

    // main palette
    for y in stride(from: CGFloat(0), to: rect_mainPalette.height, by: elementSize) {

        var saturation = y < rect_mainPalette.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(2 * y) / rect_mainPalette.height : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect_mainPalette.height - y) / rect_mainPalette.height
        saturation = CGFloat(powf(Float(saturation), y < rect_mainPalette.height / 2.0 ? saturationExponentTop : saturationExponentBottom))
        let brightness = y < rect_mainPalette.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(1.0) : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect_mainPalette.height - y) / rect_mainPalette.height

        for x in stride(from: (0 as CGFloat), to: rect_mainPalette.width, by: elementSize) {
            let hue = x / rect_mainPalette.width

            let color = UIColor(hue: hue, saturation: saturation, brightness: brightness, alpha: 1.0)

            context!.setFillColor(color.cgColor)
            context!.fill(CGRect(x:x, y: y + rect_mainPalette.Origin.y,
                                 width: elementSize, height: elementSize))
        }
    }
}



func getColorAtPoint(point: CGPoint) -> UIColor
{
    var roundedPoint = CGPoint(x:elementSize * CGFloat(Int(point.x / elementSize)),
                               y:elementSize * CGFloat(Int(point.y / elementSize)))

    let hue = roundedPoint.x / self.bounds.width


    // main palette
    if rect_mainPalette.contains(point)
    {
        // offset point, because rect_mainPalette.Origin.y is not 0
        roundedPoint.y -= rect_mainPalette.Origin.y

        var saturation = roundedPoint.y < rect_mainPalette.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(2 * roundedPoint.y) / rect_mainPalette.height
            : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect_mainPalette.height - roundedPoint.y) / rect_mainPalette.height

        saturation = CGFloat(powf(Float(saturation), roundedPoint.y < rect_mainPalette.height / 2.0 ? saturationExponentTop : saturationExponentBottom))
        let brightness = roundedPoint.y < rect_mainPalette.height / 2.0 ? CGFloat(1.0) : 2.0 * CGFloat(rect_mainPalette.height - roundedPoint.y) / rect_mainPalette.height

        return UIColor(hue: hue, saturation: saturation, brightness: brightness, alpha: 1.0)
    }
    // gray palette
    else{

        return UIColor(white: hue, alpha: 1.0)
    }
}


@objc func touchedColor(gestureRecognizer: UILongPressGestureRecognizer){
    let point = gestureRecognizer.location(in: self)
    let color = getColorAtPoint(point: point)

    self.onColorDidChange?(color)
  }
}

Verwendung:

    let colorPickerView = ColorPickerView()
    colorPickerView.onColorDidChange = { [weak self] color in
        DispatchQueue.main.async {

            // use picked color for your needs here...
            self?.view.backgroundColor = color
        }

    }

    // add it to some view and set constraints
    ...
7
Michael Ros