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UIImage in NSData konvertieren und in Swift wieder in UIImage konvertieren?

Ich versuche, ein UIImage in NSData zu speichern und dann das NSData zurück in ein neues UIImage in Swift zu lesen. Zum Konvertieren von UIImage in NSData verwende ich den folgenden Code:

let imageData: NSData = UIImagePNGRepresentation(myImage)

Wie konvertiere ich imageData (d. H. NSData) zurück in ein neues UIImage?

118
pete

UIImage(data:imageData,scale:1.0) unter der Annahme, dass der Maßstab des Bildes 1 ist.

Verwenden Sie in Swift 4.2 den folgenden Code, um Data () abzurufen.

image.pngData()
116
algal

Vielen Dank. Hat mir viel geholfen. Umgerechnet auf Swift 3 und funktioniert

So speichern Sie: let data = UIImagePNGRepresentation(image)

Laden: let image = UIImage(data: data)

56
Ivan Sinigaglia

Verwenden Sie die Methode imageWithData: , die in Swift als UIImage(data:) übersetzt wird.

let image : UIImage = UIImage(data: imageData)
30
dasblinkenlight

Jetzt in Swift 4.2 können Sie pngData() neue Instanzmethode von UIImage verwenden, um die Daten aus dem Bild abzurufen

let profileImage = UIImage(named:"profile")!
let imageData = profileImage.pngData()
15
Sh_Khan

So speichern Sie als Daten:

Wenn Sie in StoryBoard "Bild" -Daten in der Bildansicht von MainStoryBoard speichern möchten, funktionieren die folgenden Codes.

let image = UIImagePNGRepresentation(imageView.image!) as NSData?

So laden Sie "image" in imageView: Beachten Sie das Ausrufezeichen "!", "?" genau, ob das ganz so ist wie dieses.

imageView.image = UIImage(data: image as! Data)

Der Typ "NSData" wird dabei automatisch in den Typ "Data" konvertiert.

Verwenden Sie zur sicheren Ausführung von Code if-let mit Data blockieren, um einen Absturz der App zu verhindern &, da die Funktion UIImagePNGRepresentation einen optionalen Wert zurückgibt.

if let img = UIImage(named: "TestImage.png") {
    if let data:Data = UIImagePNGRepresentation(img) {
       // Handle operations with data here...         
    }
}

Hinweis: Daten ist Swift 3+ class. Verwenden Sie Data anstelle von NSData mit Swift 3+

Allgemeine Bildoperationen (wie png und jpg beide):

if let img = UIImage(named: "TestImage.png") {  //UIImage(named: "TestImage.jpg")
        if let data:Data = UIImagePNGRepresentation(img) {
               handleOperationWithData(data: data)     
        } else if let data:Data = UIImageJPEGRepresentation(img, 1.0) {
               handleOperationWithData(data: data)     
        }
}

*******
func handleOperationWithData(data: Data) {
     // Handle operations with data here...
     if let image = UIImage(data: data) {
        // Use image...
     }
}

Durch die Verwendung der Erweiterung:

extension UIImage {

    var pngRepresentationData: Data? {
        return UIImagePNGRepresentation(self)
    }

    var jpegRepresentationData: Data? {
        return UIImageJPEGRepresentation(self, 1.0)
    }
}

*******
if let img = UIImage(named: "TestImage.png") {  //UIImage(named: "TestImage.jpg")
      if let data = img.pngRepresentationData {
              handleOperationWithData(data: data)     
      } else if let data = img.jpegRepresentationData {
              handleOperationWithData(data: data)     
     }
}

*******
func handleOperationWithData(data: Data) {
     // Handle operations with data here...
     if let image = UIImage(data: data) {
        // Use image...
     }
}
6
Krunal

Bild zu Daten: -

    if let img = UIImage(named: "xxx.png") {
        let pngdata = img.pngData()
    }

   if let img = UIImage(named: "xxx.jpeg") {
        let jpegdata = img.jpegData(compressionQuality: 1)
    }

Daten zum Bild: -

 let image = UIImage(data: pngData)
4
Yogendra Singh

Einzelheiten

  • Xcode 10.2.1 (10E1001), Swift 5

Lösung 1

guard let image = UIImage(named: "img") else { return }
let jpegData = image.jpegData(compressionQuality: 1.0)
let pngData = image.pngData()

Lösung 2.1

extension UIImage {
    func toData (options: NSDictionary, type: CFString) -> Data? {
        guard let cgImage = cgImage else { return nil }
        return autoreleasepool { () -> Data? in
            let data = NSMutableData()
            guard let imageDestination = CGImageDestinationCreateWithData(data as CFMutableData, type, 1, nil) else { return nil }
            CGImageDestinationAddImage(imageDestination, cgImage, options)
            CGImageDestinationFinalize(imageDestination)
            return data as Data
        }
    }
}

Verwendung der Lösung 2.1

// about properties: https://developer.Apple.com/documentation/imageio/1464962-cgimagedestinationaddimage
let options: NSDictionary =     [
    kCGImagePropertyOrientation: 6,
    kCGImagePropertyHasAlpha: true,
    kCGImageDestinationLossyCompressionQuality: 0.5
]

// https://developer.Apple.com/documentation/mobilecoreservices/uttype/uti_image_content_types
guard let data = image.toData(options: options, type: kUTTypeJPEG) else { return }
let size = CGFloat(data.count)/1000.0/1024.0
print("\(size) mb")

Lösung 2.2

extension UIImage {

    func toJpegData (compressionQuality: CGFloat, hasAlpha: Bool = true, orientation: Int = 6) -> Data? {
        guard cgImage != nil else { return nil }
        let options: NSDictionary =     [
                                            kCGImagePropertyOrientation: orientation,
                                            kCGImagePropertyHasAlpha: hasAlpha,
                                            kCGImageDestinationLossyCompressionQuality: compressionQuality
                                        ]
        return toData(options: options, type: .jpeg)
    }

    func toData (options: NSDictionary, type: ImageType) -> Data? {
        guard cgImage != nil else { return nil }
        return toData(options: options, type: type.value)
    }
    // about properties: https://developer.Apple.com/documentation/imageio/1464962-cgimagedestinationaddimage
    func toData (options: NSDictionary, type: CFString) -> Data? {
        guard let cgImage = cgImage else { return nil }
        return autoreleasepool { () -> Data? in
            let data = NSMutableData()
            guard let imageDestination = CGImageDestinationCreateWithData(data as CFMutableData, type, 1, nil) else { return nil }
            CGImageDestinationAddImage(imageDestination, cgImage, options)
            CGImageDestinationFinalize(imageDestination)
            return data as Data
        }
    }

    // https://developer.Apple.com/documentation/mobilecoreservices/uttype/uti_image_content_types
    enum ImageType {
        case image // abstract image data
        case jpeg                       // JPEG image
        case jpeg2000                   // JPEG-2000 image
        case tiff                       // TIFF image
        case pict                       // Quickdraw PICT format
        case gif                        // GIF image
        case png                        // PNG image
        case quickTimeImage             // QuickTime image format (OSType 'qtif')
        case appleICNS                  // Apple icon data
        case bmp                        // Windows bitmap
        case ico                        // Windows icon data
        case rawImage                   // base type for raw image data (.raw)
        case scalableVectorGraphics     // SVG image
        case livePhoto                  // Live Photo

        var value: CFString {
            switch self {
            case .image: return kUTTypeImage
            case .jpeg: return kUTTypeJPEG
            case .jpeg2000: return kUTTypeJPEG2000
            case .tiff: return kUTTypeTIFF
            case .pict: return kUTTypePICT
            case .gif: return kUTTypeGIF
            case .png: return kUTTypePNG
            case .quickTimeImage: return kUTTypeQuickTimeImage
            case .appleICNS: return kUTTypeAppleICNS
            case .bmp: return kUTTypeBMP
            case .ico: return kUTTypeICO
            case .rawImage: return kUTTypeRawImage
            case .scalableVectorGraphics: return kUTTypeScalableVectorGraphics
            case .livePhoto: return kUTTypeLivePhoto
            }
        }
    }
}

Verwendung der Lösung 2.2

let compressionQuality: CGFloat = 0.4
guard let data = image.toJpegData(compressionQuality: compressionQuality) else { return }
printSize(of: data)

let options: NSDictionary =     [
                                    kCGImagePropertyHasAlpha: true,
                                    kCGImageDestinationLossyCompressionQuality: compressionQuality
                                ]
guard let data2 = image.toData(options: options, type: .png) else { return }
printSize(of: data2)

Probleme

Die Bilddarstellung beansprucht eine Menge CPU- und Speicherressourcen. In diesem Fall ist es also besser, mehrere Regeln zu befolgen:

- Führen Sie jpegData (compressionQuality :) nicht in der Hauptwarteschlange aus

- nur eine jpegData (compressionQuality :) gleichzeitig ausführen

Falsch:

for i in 0...50 {
    DispatchQueue.global(qos: .utility).async {
        let quality = 0.02 * CGFloat(i)
        //let data = image.toJpegData(compressionQuality: quality)
        let data = image.jpegData(compressionQuality: quality)
        let size = CGFloat(data!.count)/1000.0/1024.0
        print("\(i), quality: \(quality), \(size.rounded()) mb")
    }
}

Richtig:

let serialQueue = DispatchQueue(label: "queue", qos: .utility, attributes: [], autoreleaseFrequency: .workItem, target: nil)

for i in 0...50 {
    serialQueue.async {
        let quality = 0.02 * CGFloat(i)
        //let data = image.toJpegData(compressionQuality: quality)
        let data = image.jpegData(compressionQuality: quality)
        let size = CGFloat(data!.count)/1000.0/1024.0
        print("\(i), quality: \(quality), \(size.rounded()) mb")
    }
}

Links

3