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Senden von POST Daten in Android

Ich habe Erfahrung mit PHP, JavaScript und vielen anderen Skriptsprachen, aber ich habe nicht viel Erfahrung mit Java oder Android.

Ich suche nach einer Möglichkeit, POST Daten an ein PHP Skript zu senden und das Ergebnis anzuzeigen.

270
OMGKurtNilsen

* Aktualisierte Antwort, die auf Android 6.0+ funktioniert. Vielen Dank an @ Rohit Suthar , @ Tamis Bolvari und @ sudhiskr für die Kommentare. *

    public class CallAPI extends AsyncTask<String, String, String> {

        public CallAPI(){
            //set context variables if required
        }

        @Override
        protected void onPreExecute() {
            super.onPreExecute();
        }

         @Override
         protected String doInBackground(String... params) {
            String urlString = params[0]; // URL to call
            String data = params[1]; //data to post
            OutputStream out = null;

            try {
                URL url = new URL(urlString);
                HttpURLConnection urlConnection = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
                out = new BufferedOutputStream(urlConnection.getOutputStream());

                BufferedWriter writer = new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(out, "UTF-8"));
                writer.write(data);
                writer.flush();
                writer.close();
                out.close();

                urlConnection.connect();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                System.out.println(e.getMessage());
            }
        }
    }

Verweise:

Ältere Antwort

Hinweis: Diese Lösung ist veraltet. Es funktioniert nur auf Android Geräten bis 5.1. Android 6.0 und höher enthalten nicht den in dieser Antwort verwendeten Apache-HTTP-Client.

Der HTTP-Client von Apache Commons ist der richtige Weg. Es ist bereits in Android enthalten. Hier ist ein einfaches Beispiel für die Verwendung von HTTP Post.

public void postData() {
    // Create a new HttpClient and Post Header
    HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    HttpPost httppost = new HttpPost("http://www.yoursite.com/script.php");

    try {
        // Add your data
        List<NameValuePair> nameValuePairs = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>(2);
        nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair("id", "12345"));
        nameValuePairs.add(new BasicNameValuePair("stringdata", "Hi"));
        httppost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairs));

        // Execute HTTP Post Request
        HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httppost);

    } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    } catch (IOException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
    }
} 
310

für Android => 5

Die org.Apache.http -Klassen und die AndroidHttpClient -Klasse waren veraltet in Android 5.1 . Diese Klassen werden nicht mehr verwaltet, und Sie sollten den Anwendungscode mithilfe dieser APIs so bald wie möglich in die URLConnection-Klassen migrieren.

https://developer.Android.com/about/versions/Android-5.1.html#http

Ich wollte meinen Code mit HttpUrlConnection teilen

public String  performPostCall(String requestURL,
        HashMap<String, String> postDataParams) {

    URL url;
    String response = "";
    try {
        url = new URL(requestURL);

        HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
        conn.setReadTimeout(15000);
        conn.setConnectTimeout(15000);
        conn.setRequestMethod("GET");
        conn.setDoInput(true);
        conn.setDoOutput(true);


        OutputStream os = conn.getOutputStream();
        BufferedWriter writer = new BufferedWriter(
                new OutputStreamWriter(os, "UTF-8"));
        writer.write(getPostDataString(postDataParams));

        writer.flush();
        writer.close();
        os.close();
        int responseCode=conn.getResponseCode();

        if (responseCode == HttpsURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
            String line;
            BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream()));
            while ((line=br.readLine()) != null) {
                response+=line;
            }
        }
        else {
            response="";    

        }
    } catch (Exception e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    return response;
}

...

private String getPostDataString(HashMap<String, String> params) throws UnsupportedEncodingException{
        StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
        boolean first = true;
        for(Map.Entry<String, String> entry : params.entrySet()){
            if (first)
                first = false;
            else
                result.append("&");

            result.append(URLEncoder.encode(entry.getKey(), "UTF-8"));
            result.append("=");
            result.append(URLEncoder.encode(entry.getValue(), "UTF-8"));
        }

        return result.toString();
    }

sie können auch die Methode posten:

conn.setRequestMethod("POST");

Update 21/02/2016

für post request with json siehe dieses Beispiel:

public class Empty extends
        AsyncTask<Void, Void, Boolean> {

    String urlString = "http://www.yoursite.com/";

    private final String TAG = "post json example";
    private Context context;

    private int advertisementId;

    public Empty(Context contex, int advertisementId) {

        this.context = contex;
        this.advertisementId = advertisementId;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        Log.e(TAG, "1 - RequestVoteTask is about to start...");

    }

    @Override
    protected Boolean doInBackground(Void... params) {
        boolean status = false;

        String response = "";
        Log.e(TAG, "2 - pre Request to response...");

        try {
            response = performPostCall(urlString, new HashMap<String, String>() {

                        private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

                        {
                            put("Accept", "application/json");
                            put("Content-Type", "application/json");
                        }
                    });
            Log.e(TAG, "3 - give Response...");
            Log.e(TAG, "4 " + response.toString());
        } catch (Exception e) {
            // displayLoding(false);

            Log.e(TAG, "Error ...");
        }
        Log.e(TAG, "5 - after Response...");

        if (!response.equalsIgnoreCase("")) {
            try {
                Log.e(TAG, "6 - response !empty...");
                //
                JSONObject jRoot = new JSONObject(response);
                JSONObject d = jRoot.getJSONObject("d");

                int ResultType = d.getInt("ResultType");
                Log.e("ResultType", ResultType + "");

                if (ResultType == 1) {

                    status = true;

                }

            } catch (JSONException e) {
                // displayLoding(false);
                // e.printStackTrace();
                Log.e(TAG, "Error " + e.getMessage());
            } finally {

            }
        } else {
            Log.e(TAG, "6 - response is empty...");

            status = false;
        }

        return status;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(Boolean result) {
        //
        Log.e(TAG, "7 - onPostExecute ...");

        if (result) {
            Log.e(TAG, "8 - Update UI ...");

            // setUpdateUI(adv);
        } else {
            Log.e(TAG, "8 - Finish ...");

            // displayLoding(false);
            // finish();
        }

    }

    public String performPostCall(String requestURL,
                                  HashMap<String, String> postDataParams) {

        URL url;
        String response = "";
        try {
            url = new URL(requestURL);

            HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            conn.setReadTimeout(context.getResources().getInteger(
                    R.integer.maximum_timeout_to_server));
            conn.setConnectTimeout(context.getResources().getInteger(
                    R.integer.maximum_timeout_to_server));
            conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
            conn.setDoInput(true);
            conn.setDoOutput(true);

            conn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json");

            Log.e(TAG, "11 - url : " + requestURL);

            /*
             * JSON
             */

            JSONObject root = new JSONObject();
            //
            String token = Static.getPrefsToken(context);

            root.put("securityInfo", Static.getSecurityInfo(context));
            root.put("advertisementId", advertisementId);

            Log.e(TAG, "12 - root : " + root.toString());

            String str = root.toString();
            byte[] outputBytes = str.getBytes("UTF-8");
            OutputStream os = conn.getOutputStream();
            os.write(outputBytes);

            int responseCode = conn.getResponseCode();

            Log.e(TAG, "13 - responseCode : " + responseCode);

            if (responseCode == HttpsURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
                Log.e(TAG, "14 - HTTP_OK");

                String line;
                BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                        conn.getInputStream()));
                while ((line = br.readLine()) != null) {
                    response += line;
                }
            } else {
                Log.e(TAG, "14 - False - HTTP_OK");
                response = "";
            }
        } catch (Exception e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        return response;
    }
}

UPDATE 24.08.2016

Verwenden Sie eine der besten Bibliotheken wie:

da :

  • Vermeiden Sie HttpUrlConnection und HttpClient

HttpUrlConnection und HttpClient sind auf niedrigeren API-Ebenen (meistens bei Gingerbread und Froyo) alles andere als perfekt

  • und vermeiden Sie auch AsyncTask
  • Sie sind viel schneller
  • Sie zwischenspeichern alles

Seit der Einführung von Honeycomb (API 11) ist es obligatorisch, Netzwerkoperationen auf einem separaten Thread durchzuführen, der sich vom Haupt-Thread unterscheidet

88

Auf diese Weise können wir Daten mit der http-Post-Methode senden und das Ergebnis erhalten

     public class MyHttpPostProjectActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener {

    private EditText usernameEditText;
    private EditText passwordEditText;
    private Button sendPostReqButton;
    private Button clearButton;

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.login);

        usernameEditText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.login_username_editText);
        passwordEditText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.login_password_editText);

        sendPostReqButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.login_sendPostReq_button);
        sendPostReqButton.setOnClickListener(this);

        clearButton = (Button) findViewById(R.id.login_clear_button);
        clearButton.setOnClickListener(this);        
    }

    @Override
    public void onClick(View v) {

        if(v.getId() == R.id.login_clear_button){
            usernameEditText.setText("");
            passwordEditText.setText("");
            passwordEditText.setCursorVisible(false);
            passwordEditText.setFocusable(false);
            usernameEditText.setCursorVisible(true);
            passwordEditText.setFocusable(true);
        }else if(v.getId() == R.id.login_sendPostReq_button){
            String givenUsername = usernameEditText.getEditableText().toString();
            String givenPassword = passwordEditText.getEditableText().toString();

            System.out.println("Given username :" + givenUsername + " Given password :" + givenPassword);

            sendPostRequest(givenUsername, givenPassword);
        }   
    }

    private void sendPostRequest(String givenUsername, String givenPassword) {

        class SendPostReqAsyncTask extends AsyncTask<String, Void, String>{

            @Override
            protected String doInBackground(String... params) {

                String paramUsername = params[0];
                String paramPassword = params[1];

                System.out.println("*** doInBackground ** paramUsername " + paramUsername + " paramPassword :" + paramPassword);

                HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();

                // In a POST request, we don't pass the values in the URL.
                //Therefore we use only the web page URL as the parameter of the HttpPost argument
                HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost("http://www.nirmana.lk/hec/Android/postLogin.php");

                // Because we are not passing values over the URL, we should have a mechanism to pass the values that can be
                //uniquely separate by the other end.
                //To achieve that we use BasicNameValuePair             
                //Things we need to pass with the POST request
                BasicNameValuePair usernameBasicNameValuePair = new BasicNameValuePair("paramUsername", paramUsername);
                BasicNameValuePair passwordBasicNameValuePAir = new BasicNameValuePair("paramPassword", paramPassword);

                // We add the content that we want to pass with the POST request to as name-value pairs
                //Now we put those sending details to an ArrayList with type safe of NameValuePair
                List<NameValuePair> nameValuePairList = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
                nameValuePairList.add(usernameBasicNameValuePair);
                nameValuePairList.add(passwordBasicNameValuePAir);

                try {
                    // UrlEncodedFormEntity is an entity composed of a list of url-encoded pairs. 
                    //This is typically useful while sending an HTTP POST request. 
                    UrlEncodedFormEntity urlEncodedFormEntity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(nameValuePairList);

                    // setEntity() hands the entity (here it is urlEncodedFormEntity) to the request.
                    httpPost.setEntity(urlEncodedFormEntity);

                    try {
                        // HttpResponse is an interface just like HttpPost.
                        //Therefore we can't initialize them
                        HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpPost);

                        // According to the Java API, InputStream constructor do nothing. 
                        //So we can't initialize InputStream although it is not an interface
                        InputStream inputStream = httpResponse.getEntity().getContent();

                        InputStreamReader inputStreamReader = new InputStreamReader(inputStream);

                        BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(inputStreamReader);

                        StringBuilder stringBuilder = new StringBuilder();

                        String bufferedStrChunk = null;

                        while((bufferedStrChunk = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null){
                            stringBuilder.append(bufferedStrChunk);
                        }

                        return stringBuilder.toString();

                    } catch (ClientProtocolException cpe) {
                        System.out.println("First Exception caz of HttpResponese :" + cpe);
                        cpe.printStackTrace();
                    } catch (IOException ioe) {
                        System.out.println("Second Exception caz of HttpResponse :" + ioe);
                        ioe.printStackTrace();
                    }

                } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException uee) {
                    System.out.println("An Exception given because of UrlEncodedFormEntity argument :" + uee);
                    uee.printStackTrace();
                }

                return null;
            }

            @Override
            protected void onPostExecute(String result) {
                super.onPostExecute(result);

                if(result.equals("working")){
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "HTTP POST is working...", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }else{
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Invalid POST req...", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                }
            }           
        }

        SendPostReqAsyncTask sendPostReqAsyncTask = new SendPostReqAsyncTask();
        sendPostReqAsyncTask.execute(givenUsername, givenPassword);     
    }
}
47
Siddhpura Amit

Dies ist ein Beispiel, wie Sie mehrteilige Daten ohne Verwendung externer Apache-Bibliotheken POST:

byte[] buffer = getBuffer();

if(buffer.length > 0) {
   String lineEnd = "\r\n"; 
   String twoHyphens = "--"; 
   String boundary =  "RQdzAAihJq7Xp1kjraqf"; 

   ByteArrayOutputStream baos = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
   DataOutputStream dos = new DataOutputStream(baos);

   // Send parameter #1
   dos.writeBytes(twoHyphens + boundary + lineEnd); 
   dos.writeBytes("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"param1\"" + lineEnd);
   dos.writeBytes("Content-Type: text/plain; charset=US-ASCII" + lineEnd);
   dos.writeBytes("Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit" + lineEnd);
   dos.writeBytes(lineEnd);
   dos.writeBytes(myStringData + lineEnd);

   // Send parameter #2
   //dos.writeBytes(twoHyphens + boundary + lineEnd); 
   //dos.writeBytes("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"param2\"" + lineEnd + lineEnd);
   //dos.writeBytes("foo2" + lineEnd);

   // Send a binary file
   dos.writeBytes(twoHyphens + boundary + lineEnd); 
   dos.writeBytes("Content-Disposition: form-data; name=\"param3\";filename=\"test_file.dat\"" + lineEnd); 
   dos.writeBytes("Content-Type: application/octet-stream" + lineEnd);
   dos.writeBytes("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary" + lineEnd);
   dos.writeBytes(lineEnd); 
   dos.write(buffer);
   dos.writeBytes(lineEnd); 
   dos.writeBytes(twoHyphens + boundary + twoHyphens + lineEnd); 
   dos.flush(); 
   dos.close();

   ByteArrayInputStream content = new ByteArrayInputStream(baos.toByteArray());
   BasicHttpEntity entity = new BasicHttpEntity();
   entity.setContent(content);

   HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(myURL);
   httpPost.addHeader("Connection", "Keep-Alive");
   httpPost.addHeader("Content-Type", "multipart/form-data; boundary="+boundary);

   //MultipartEntity entity = new MultipartEntity();
   //entity.addPart("param3", new ByteArrayBody(buffer, "test_file.dat"));
   //entity.addPart("param1", new StringBody(myStringData));

   httpPost.setEntity(entity);

   /*
   String httpData = "";
   ByteArrayOutputStream baos1 = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
   entity.writeTo(baos1);
   httpData = baos1.toString("UTF-8");
   */

   /*
   Header[] hdrs = httpPost.getAllHeaders();
   for(Header hdr: hdrs) {
     httpData += hdr.getName() + " | " + hdr.getValue() + " |_| ";
   }
   */

   //Log.e(TAG, "httpPost data: " + httpData);
   response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
}
22
Andrey

zu @primpop Antwort würde ich hinzufügen, wie man die Antwort in einen String konvertiert:

HttpResponse response = client.execute(request);
HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
if (entity != null) {
    InputStream instream = entity.getContent();

    String result = RestClient.convertStreamToString(instream);
    Log.i("Read from server", result);
}

Hier ist ein Beispiel für convertStramToString .

12
Fabricio PH

Sie können dies verwenden, um eine HTTP POST -Anforderung an eine URL zu senden. Sie können einfach eine Anfrage senden und eine Antwort erhalten. Ich benutze das immer. Ich arbeite gut für mich.

  ///////////////////// Check SubScription ////////////////////

        try {
                                 AsyncHttpClient client = new AsyncHttpClient();
                                   // Http Request Params Object
                                   RequestParams params = new RequestParams();
                                   String u = "B2mGaME";
                                   String au = "gamewrapperB2M";
                                   // String mob = "880xxxxxxxxxx";
                                   params.put("usr", u.toString());
                                   params.put("aut", au.toString());
                                   params.put("uph", MobileNo.toString());
                                   //  params.put("uph", mob.toString());
                                                client.post("http://196.6.13.01:88/ws/game_wrapper_reg_check.php", params, new AsyncHttpResponseHandler() {
                                       @Override
                                       public void onSuccess(String response) {
                                           playStatus = response;
                                        //////Get your Response/////
                                           Log.i(getClass().getSimpleName(), "Response SP Status. " + playStatus);
                                       }
                   @Override
                   public void onFailure(Throwable throwable) {
                       super.onFailure(throwable);
                   }
                                   });
                               } catch (Exception e) {
                                   e.printStackTrace();
                               }

Sie müssen auch die folgende Jar-Datei in libs folde hinzufügen

Android-async-http-1.3.1.jar

Schließlich bearbeiten Sie Ihre build.gradle

dependencies {
    compile files('libs/<Android-async-http-1.3.1.jar>')

}

Im letzten Rebuild dein Projekt.

7
Selim Raza

Verwenden Sie besser Apache Commons HttpClient, das bereits in Android enthalten ist. Schauen Sie sich Android-Entwickler: Apache HTTP Client Package Summary für allgemeine API-Informationen an.

7
Toni Menzel

Sie können URLConnection mit setDoOutput(true), getOutputStream() (zum Senden von Daten), und verwenden getInputStream() (zum Empfangen). So hat ein Beispiel genau dafür .

6

Bei mir klappt es weiter:

 private sendData() {
     JSONObject jsonObject = new JSONObject();
     jsonObject.accumulate("key1", value1);
     jsonObject.accumulate("key2", value2);

     boolean success = sendPost(SERVER_URL + "/v1/auth", jsonObject);
 }

 private boolean sendPost(String url, JSONObject parameters) {
        boolean requestResult = false;
        InputStream inputStream = null;
        String result = "";
        try {

            HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient();
            HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);

            String json = "";

            json = parameters.toString();

            StringEntity se = new StringEntity(json);
            httpPost.setEntity(se);

            httpPost.setHeader("Accept", "application/json");
            httpPost.setHeader("Content-type", "application/json");

            HttpResponse httpResponse = httpclient.execute(httpPost);

            inputStream = httpResponse.getEntity().getContent();

            if (inputStream != null) {
                result = convertInputStreamToString(inputStream);
                requestResult = true;
            } else {
                result = "Did not work!";
                requestResult = false;
            }
            System.out.println(result);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            Log.d("InputStream", e.getLocalizedMessage());
            requestResult = false;
        }
        return requestResult;
    }
5

Ich habe this hilfreiches Beispiel mit this Video-Tutorial gefunden.

Steckverbinderklasse:

package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;
import Java.io.IOException;
import Java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import Java.net.MalformedURLException;
import Java.net.URL;
/**
 * Created by Oclemmy on 3/31/2016 for ProgrammingWizards Channel.
 */
public class Connector {
    /*
 1.SHALL HELP US ESTABLISH A CONNECTION TO THE NETWORK
 2. WE ARE MAKING A POST REQUEST
  */
    public static HttpURLConnection connect(String urlAddress) {
        try
        {
            URL url=new URL(urlAddress);
            HttpURLConnection con= (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            //SET PROPERTIES
            con.setRequestMethod("POST");
            con.setConnectTimeout(20000);
            con.setReadTimeout(20000);
            con.setDoInput(true);
            con.setDoOutput(true);
            //RETURN
            return con;
        } catch (MalformedURLException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }
 }

DataPackager-Klasse:

package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;
import Java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import Java.net.URLEncoder;
import Java.util.Iterator;
/**
 * Created by Oclemmy on 3/31/2016 for ProgrammingWizards Channel.
 * 1.BASICALLY PACKS DATA WE WANNA SEND
 */
public class DataPackager {
    String name,position,team;
    /*
    SECTION 1.RECEIVE ALL DATA WE WANNA SEND
     */
    public DataPackager(String name, String position, String team) {
        this.name = name;
        this.position = position;
        this.team = team;
    }
    /*
   SECTION 2
   1.PACK THEM INTO A JSON OBJECT
   2. READ ALL THIS DATA AND ENCODE IT INTO A FROMAT THAT CAN BE SENT VIA NETWORK
    */
    public String packData()
    {
        JSONObject jo=new JSONObject();
        StringBuffer packedData=new StringBuffer();
        try
        {
            jo.put("Name",name);
            jo.put("Position",position);
            jo.put("Team",team);
            Boolean firstValue=true;
            Iterator it=jo.keys();
            do {
                String key=it.next().toString();
                String value=jo.get(key).toString();
                if(firstValue)
                {
                    firstValue=false;
                }else
                {
                    packedData.append("&");
                }
                packedData.append(URLEncoder.encode(key,"UTF-8"));
                packedData.append("=");
                packedData.append(URLEncoder.encode(value,"UTF-8"));
            }while (it.hasNext());
            return packedData.toString();
        } catch (JSONException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
        }
}

Absenderklasse:

package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;
import Android.app.ProgressDialog;
import Android.content.Context;
import Android.os.AsyncTask;
import Android.widget.EditText;
import Android.widget.Toast;
import Java.io.BufferedReader;
import Java.io.BufferedWriter;
import Java.io.IOException;
import Java.io.InputStreamReader;
import Java.io.OutputStream;
import Java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
import Java.net.HttpURLConnection;
/**
 * Created by Oclemmy on 3/31/2016 for ProgrammingWizards Channel and Camposha.com.
 * 1.SEND DATA FROM EDITTEXT OVER THE NETWORK
 * 2.DO IT IN BACKGROUND THREAD
 * 3.READ RESPONSE FROM A SERVER
 */
public class Sender extends AsyncTask<Void,Void,String> {
    Context c;
    String urlAddress;
    EditText nameTxt,posTxt,teamTxt;
    String name,pos,team;
    ProgressDialog pd;
    /*
            1.OUR CONSTRUCTOR
    2.RECEIVE CONTEXT,URL ADDRESS AND EDITTEXTS FROM OUR MAINACTIVITY
    */
    public Sender(Context c, String urlAddress,EditText...editTexts) {
        this.c = c;
        this.urlAddress = urlAddress;
        //INPUT EDITTEXTS
        this.nameTxt=editTexts[0];
        this.posTxt=editTexts[1];
        this.teamTxt=editTexts[2];
        //GET TEXTS FROM EDITEXTS
        name=nameTxt.getText().toString();
        pos=posTxt.getText().toString();
        team=teamTxt.getText().toString();
    }
    /*
   1.SHOW PROGRESS DIALOG WHILE DOWNLOADING DATA
    */
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();
        pd=new ProgressDialog(c);
        pd.setTitle("Send");
        pd.setMessage("Sending..Please wait");
        pd.show();
    }
    /*
    1.WHERE WE SEND DATA TO NETWORK
    2.RETURNS FOR US A STRING
     */
    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(Void... params) {
        return this.send();
    }
    /*
  1. CALLED WHEN JOB IS OVER
  2. WE DISMISS OUR PD
  3.RECEIVE A STRING FROM DOINBACKGROUND
   */
    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String response) {
        super.onPostExecute(response);
        pd.dismiss();
        if(response != null)
        {
            //SUCCESS
            Toast.makeText(c,response,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            nameTxt.setText("");
            posTxt.setText("");
            teamTxt.setText("");
        }else
        {
            //NO SUCCESS
            Toast.makeText(c,"Unsuccessful "+response,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }
    }
/*
SEND DATA OVER THE NETWORK
RECEIVE AND RETURN A RESPONSE
 */
    private String send()
    {
        //CONNECT
        HttpURLConnection con=Connector.connect(urlAddress);
        if(con==null)
        {
            return null;
        }
        try
        {
            OutputStream os=con.getOutputStream();
            //WRITE
            BufferedWriter bw=new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(os,"UTF-8"));
            bw.write(new DataPackager(name,pos,team).packData());
            bw.flush();
            //RELEASE RES
            bw.close();
            os.close();
            //HAS IT BEEN SUCCESSFUL?
            int responseCode=con.getResponseCode();
            if(responseCode==con.HTTP_OK)
            {
                //GET EXACT RESPONSE
                BufferedReader br=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(con.getInputStream()));
                StringBuffer response=new StringBuffer();
                String line;
                //READ LINE BY LINE
                while ((line=br.readLine()) != null)
                {
                    response.append(line);
                }
                //RELEASE RES
                br.close();
                return response.toString();
            }else
            {
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return null;
    }
}

Hauptaktivität:

package com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert;
import Android.os.Bundle;
import Android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import Android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import Android.view.View;
import Android.widget.Button;
import Android.widget.EditText;
/*
1.OUR LAUNCHER ACTIVITY
2.INITIALIZE SOME UI STUFF
3.WE START SENDER ON BUTTON CLICK
 */
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    String urlAddress="http://10.0.2.2/Android/poster.php";
    EditText nameTxt,posTxt,teamTxt;
    Button saveBtn;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        Toolbar toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
        setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
        //INITIALIZE UI FIELDS
        nameTxt= (EditText) findViewById(R.id.nameEditTxt);
        posTxt= (EditText) findViewById(R.id.posEditTxt);
        teamTxt= (EditText) findViewById(R.id.teamEditTxt);
        saveBtn= (Button) findViewById(R.id.saveBtn);
        saveBtn.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                //START ASYNC TASK
                Sender s=new Sender(MainActivity.this,urlAddress,nameTxt,posTxt,teamTxt);
                s.execute();
            }
        });
    }
}

ContentMain.xml:

<RelativeLayout xmlns:Android="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res/Android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.Android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.Android.com/tools"
    Android:layout_width="match_parent"
    Android:layout_height="match_parent"
    Android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    Android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    Android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    Android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior"
    tools:context="com.tutorials.hp.mysqlinsert.MainActivity"
    tools:showIn="@layout/activity_main">
    <TextView
        Android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        Android:text="Hello World!" />
    <LinearLayout
        Android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        Android:layout_height="match_parent"
        Android:layout_marginTop="?attr/actionBarSize"
        Android:orientation="vertical"
        Android:paddingLeft="15dp"
        Android:paddingRight="15dp"
        Android:paddingTop="50dp">
        <Android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
            Android:id="@+id/nameLayout"
            Android:layout_width="match_parent"
            Android:layout_height="wrap_content">
            <EditText
                Android:id="@+id/nameEditTxt"
                Android:layout_width="match_parent"
                Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                Android:singleLine="true"
                Android:hint= "Name" />
        </Android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>
        <Android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
            Android:id="@+id/teamLayout"
            Android:layout_width="match_parent"
            Android:layout_height="wrap_content">
            <EditText
                Android:id="@+id/teamEditTxt"
                Android:layout_width="match_parent"
                Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                Android:hint="Description" />
        </Android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>
        <Android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout
            Android:id="@+id/posLayout"
            Android:layout_width="match_parent"
            Android:layout_height="wrap_content">
            <EditText
                Android:id="@+id/posEditTxt"
                Android:layout_width="match_parent"
                Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                Android:hint="Position" />
            <!--Android:inputType="textPassword"-->
        </Android.support.design.widget.TextInputLayout>
        <Button Android:id="@+id/saveBtn"
            Android:layout_width="fill_parent"
            Android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            Android:text="Save"
            Android:clickable="true"
            Android:background="@color/colorAccent"
            Android:layout_marginTop="40dp"
            Android:textColor="@Android:color/white"/>
    </LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>
4
Zacktamondo

Wenn Sie nur Daten an die URL anhängen möchten, können Sie dies mit HttpUrlConnection tun, da HttpClient jetzt veraltet ist. Ein besserer Weg wäre, eine Bibliothek zu benutzen,

Volley Retrofit

Wir können Daten in das PHP-Skript posten und das Ergebnis abrufen und anzeigen, indem wir diesen Code verwenden, der über die AsyncTask-Klasse ausgeführt wird.

    private class LongOperation  extends AsyncTask<String, Void, Void> {

    // Required initialization


    private String Content;
    private String Error = null;
    private ProgressDialog Dialog = new ProgressDialog(Login.this);
    String data ="";
    int sizeData = 0;



    protected void onPreExecute() {
        // NOTE: You can call UI Element here.

        //Start Progress Dialog (Message)

        Dialog.setMessage("Please wait..");
        Dialog.show();
        Dialog.setCancelable(false);
        Dialog.setCanceledOnTouchOutside(false);

        try{
            // Set Request parameter
            data +="&" + URLEncoder.encode("username", "UTF-8") + "="+edittext.getText();



        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            // TODO Auto-generated catch block
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

    // Call after onPreExecute method
    protected Void doInBackground(String... urls) {

        /************ Make Post Call To Web Server ***********/
        BufferedReader reader=null;

        // Send data
        try
        {

            // Defined URL  where to send data
            URL url = new URL(urls[0]);

            // Send POST data request

            URLConnection conn = url.openConnection();

            conn.setConnectTimeout(5000);//define connection timeout 
            conn.setReadTimeout(5000);//define read timeout
            conn.setDoOutput(true);
            OutputStreamWriter wr = new OutputStreamWriter(conn.getOutputStream());
            wr.write( data );
            wr.flush();

            // Get the server response

            reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(conn.getInputStream()));
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            String line = null;



            // Read Server Response
            while((line = reader.readLine()) != null)
            {
                // Append server response in string
                sb.append(line + " ");
            }

            // Append Server Response To Content String
            Content = sb.toString();


        }
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Error = ex.getMessage();
        }
        finally
        {
            try
            {

                reader.close();
            }

            catch(Exception ex) {}
        }


        return null;
    }

    protected void onPostExecute(Void unused) {
        // NOTE: You can call UI Element here.

        // Close progress dialog
        Dialog.dismiss();

        if (Error != null) {

                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"Error encountered",Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();



        }
        else {




            try {

                JSONObject jsonRootObject = new JSONObject(Content);


                JSONObject json2 =jsonRootObject.getJSONObject("jsonkey");//pass jsonkey here


                String id =json2.optString("id").toString();//parse json to string through parameters


     //the result is stored in string id. you can display it now


            } catch (JSONException e) {e.printStackTrace();}


        }

    }

}

Die Verwendung von Bibliotheken wie Volley oder Retrofit ist jedoch eine viel bessere Option, da Asynctask class und HttpurlConnection langsamer sind als Bibliotheken. Auch die Bibliothek holt alles und ist auch schneller.

4
Vipin NU

Verwenden Sie die Open-Source-Bibliothek okHttp von Square. okHttp funktioniert ab Android 2.3 und hat eine Apache 2.0-Lizenz auf GitHub .

Das Senden von POST -Daten ist so einfach wie das Hinzufügen der folgenden Daten in einer AsyncTask:

OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient();
RequestBody formBody = new FormBody.Builder()
                      .add("email", emailString) // A sample POST field
                      .add("comment", commentString) // Another sample POST field
                      .build();
Request request = new Request.Builder()
                 .url("https://yourdomain.org/callback.php") // The URL to send the data to
                 .post(formBody)
                 .build();

okHttp hat auch einen Namespace auf maven, so dass es einfach ist, ihn zu Ihrem Android Studio-Projekt hinzuzufügen. Fügen Sie einfach compile 'com.squareup.okhttp3:okhttp:3.11.0' zum build.gradle Ihrer App hinzu.

Code vervollständigen

Fügen Sie Ihrer Aktivität Folgendes hinzu:

public class CallAPI extends AsyncTask<String, String, String> {

    String emailString;
    String commentString;

    public CallAPI(String email, String commnt){
           emailString = email;
           commentString = commnt;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        super.onPreExecute();
    }

    @Override
    protected String doInBackground(String... params) {
        OkHttpClient client = new OkHttpClient();
        RequestBody formBody = new FormBody.Builder()
                      .add("email", emailString) // A sample POST field
                      .add("comment", commentString) // Another sample POST field
                      .build();
        Request request = new Request.Builder()
                 .url("https://yourdomain.org/callback.php") // The URL to send the data to
                 .post(formBody)
                 .build();
        return "";
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(String s) {
        super.onPostExecute(s);
    }
}

Und nennen Sie es mit:

new CallAPI(emailString, commentString).execute();
3
Advait S

Sie können eine HttpRequest mithilfe der WebServer-Klasse POST und die Antwort in ihrer Listener-Schnittstelle verfolgen.

WebServer server=new WebServer(getApplicationContext());

server.setOnServerStatusListner(new WebServer.OnServerStatusListner() {
    @Override
    public void onServerResponded(String responce) {

    }

    @Override
    public void onServerRevoked() {

    }
});

Erstellen Sie jetzt ein DataRack, um Ihre Daten zu binden

List<DataRack> racks=new ArrayList<DataRack>();
racks.add(new DataRack("name","Simon"));
racks.add(new DataRack("age","40"));
racks.add(new DataRack("location","Canada"));

Senden Sie jetzt einfach die Anforderung POST mit diesem Rack

server.connectWithPOST(MainActivity.this,"http://sangeethnandakumar.esy.es/PROJECTS/PUBLIC_SERVICE/posttest.php",racks);

Sie müssen meine Bibliothek dazu hinzufügen. Dokumentationen hier

3

Methode zum Posten von Daten als HTTP-Anforderung,

public static InputStream callPostService(String Url,
        List<NameValuePair> data) {
    HttpClient httpclient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    HttpPost httppost = new HttpPost(Url);
    try {
        httppost.setEntity(new UrlEncodedFormEntity(data));
        HttpResponse response = httpclient.execute(httppost);
        HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
        return entity.getContent();
    } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
    return null;
}
2

In neueren Versionen von Android müssen Sie alle Web-E/A-Anforderungen in einen neuen Thread einfügen. AsyncTask eignet sich am besten für kleine Anforderungen.

1
user2312638