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Wie verwende ich angular 6 Route Auth Guards für alle Routen Root und Child Routes?

Wie verwende ich angular 6 Route Auth Guards für alle Routen Root und Child Routes?

11
Dinesh Ghule

1) [Schutz erstellen, der Dateiname würde wie auth.guard.ts lauten]

ng generate guard auth  

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { CanActivate, ActivatedRouteSnapshot, RouterStateSnapshot } from 
'@angular/router';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs/Observable';
import { AuthService } from './auth.service';
import {Router} from '@angular/router';
@Injectable()
export class AuthGuard implements CanActivate {
  constructor(private auth: AuthService,
    private myRoute: Router){
  }
  canActivate(
    next: ActivatedRouteSnapshot,
    state: RouterStateSnapshot): Observable<boolean> | Promise<boolean> | boolean {
    if(this.auth.isLoggedIn()){
      return true;
    }else{
      this.myRoute.navigate(["login"]);
      return false;
    }
  }
}

2) Erstellen Sie unter Seiten

ng g c login  [Create login page ]
ng g c nav  [Create nav page ]
ng g c home  [Create home page ]
ng g c registration  [Create registration page ]

3) Die Datei App.module.ts enthält den folgenden Inhalt

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { RouterModule,Router,Routes } from '@angular/router';
import { ReactiveFormsModule,FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { AuthService } from './auth.service';
import { AuthGuard } from './auth.guard';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { LoginComponent } from './login/login.component';
import { NavComponent } from './nav/nav.component';
import { HomeComponent } from './home/home.component';
import { RegistrationComponent } from './registration/registration.component';

const myRoots: Routes = [
  { path: '', component: HomeComponent, pathMatch: 'full' , canActivate: 
  [AuthGuard]},
  { path: 'register', component: RegistrationComponent },
  { path: 'login', component: LoginComponent},
  { path: 'home', component: HomeComponent, canActivate: [AuthGuard]}
];

@NgModule({
  declarations: [
    AppComponent,
    LoginComponent,
    NavComponent,
    HomeComponent,
    RegistrationComponent
  ],
  imports: [
    BrowserModule,ReactiveFormsModule,FormsModule,
    RouterModule.forRoot(
      myRoots,
      { enableTracing: true } // <-- debugging purposes only
    )
  ],
  providers: [AuthService,AuthGuard],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
})
export class AppModule { }

4) Fügen Sie einen Link in nav.component.html hinzu

<p color="primary">
  <button  routerLink="/home">Home</button>
  <button  *ngIf="!auth.isLoggedIn()" routerLink="/register">Register</button>
  <button  *ngIf="!auth.isLoggedIn()" routerLink="/login">Login</button>
  <button  *ngIf="auth.isLoggedIn()" (click)="auth.logout()">Logout</button>
</p>

4.1) Fügen Sie die Datei nav.component.ts hinzu

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { AuthService } from '../auth.service';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-nav',
  templateUrl: './nav.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./nav.component.css']
})
export class NavComponent implements OnInit {
  constructor(public auth: AuthService) { }
  ngOnInit() {
  }
}

5) Serviceseite erstellen Fügen Sie den folgenden Code in authservice.ts hinzu

ng g service auth 

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
@Injectable()
export class AuthService {
  constructor(private myRoute: Router) { }
  sendToken(token: string) {
    localStorage.setItem("LoggedInUser", token)
  }
  getToken() {
    return localStorage.getItem("LoggedInUser")
  }
  isLoggedIn() {
    return this.getToken() !== null;
  }
  logout() {
    localStorage.removeItem("LoggedInUser");
    this.myRoute.navigate(["Login"]);
  }
}

6) fügen Sie Inhalt in login.ts hinzu

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormBuilder, Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { Router } from '@angular/router';
import { AuthService } from '../auth.service';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-login',
  templateUrl: './login.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./login.component.css']
})
export class LoginComponent implements OnInit {
  form;
  constructor(private fb: FormBuilder,
    private myRoute: Router,
    private auth: AuthService) {
    this.form = fb.group({
      email: ['', [Validators.required, Validators.email]],
      password: ['', Validators.required]
    });
  }
  ngOnInit() {
  }
  login() {
    if (this.form.valid) {
      this.auth.sendToken(this.form.value.email)
      this.myRoute.navigate(["home"]);
    }
  }
}

6.1) Fügen Sie in der Seite login.component.html hinzu

<form [formGroup]="form" (ngSubmit)="login()">
<div>
<input  type="email" placeholder="Email" formControlName="email" />
</div>
<div>
<input  type="password" placeholder="Password" formControlName="password" />
</div>
<button type="submit" color="primary">Login</button>
</form>

7) Fügen Sie den folgenden Code in app.component.html hinzu

<app-nav></app-nav>
<router-outlet></router-outlet>
53
Kishore Kumar

https://angular.io/guide/router#canactivate-requiring-authentication

https://angular.io/guide/router#canactivatechild-guarding-child-routes

Dies sind wirklich gute Beispiele aus dem Angular.io-Tutorial "Tour of Heroes", die die Authentifizierung für Root- und Child-Routen sehr gut erklären.

4
Roee